英语|新概念英语Ⅱ里被你忽视的知识点Lesson 1-10

你愿意和我一起,静下心来好好学英语嘛?

不管你愿不愿意,清韵一直等你~

今日推送:文/清韵

看过那么多干货,为什么仍旧学不好英语?

因为,你根本就没有花时间学啊~

没有踏踏实实的努力,谈什么回报?

我始终相信,任何值得去的地方,都没有捷径。

No pain, no gain.


新概念英语Ⅱ里

被你忽视的知识点

Lesson 1-10

1.private adj. 普通的. a private citizen 普通公民

private soldier大兵 Private Ryan《拯救大兵瑞恩》

·         private privacy n.隐私 It's privacy.这是我的隐私。 private school私人学校

·         public public letter公开信 public school公立学校

2.conversation,talk,dialogue,chat,gossip区别

【都可用have a ……】

conversation 用于正式文体中,但内容往往不正式

talk 内容可正式可不正式,也可为私人

dialogue 对话,可指正式国家间会谈

chat闲聊,侃

gossip八卦,嚼舌根

3.seat,sit

sit:vi. 不及物动词 sit down

seat:vt.让某人就坐 seat sb.

Sb. be seated.某人就坐

seat yourself. 请就坐

You seat him. 你给他找个座位。

n. 座位

have a good seat/place

take a/your seat坐下来,就坐

Is this seat taken?这个位置有人吗?【这儿有人坐吗】

坐下:

Sit down, please.【命令性】

Take your seat,please.

Be seated,please.【更礼貌】

4. angry, cross, annoyed, blue

I am annoyed.

I am angry/cross.

I am very angry.

I am blue in the face.【脸色发青,脸变色】

程度逐渐加深。

5. pay attention to ……

Attention, please.请注意。

pay a little attention稍加注意

pay much attention多加注意

pay more attention更加注意

pay no attention不用注意

pay close attention特别注意

6. bear,stand,put up with,endure

bear(bore,born)

v.承受

n.熊 bear hug热情(热烈)的拥抱

give sb. a hug bear.

bear,stand忍受,endure容忍

忍受的极限逐渐增大

7. business

n.生意:business man生意人,do business做生意,go to some place on business因公出差

某人自己的私事:

It's my business. 私事,自己处理的事。

It's none of your business.不关你的事。

8. pay

v. 支付

pay…for sth.

pay by instalments分期付款

访问,注意

n. 工资,报酬

9. 去某地:go to…

go to the +地点

go to the +人's

go to后不加冠词:

go to school去上学 go to church做礼拜

go to hospital去看病 go home回家

go to bed上床,睡觉

10. get angry逐渐变得生气,强调过程,状态的变化。

be angry强调状态

11. hear+人 听见某人的话

我听不清你说的话:

I couldn't hear you clearly.

I couldn't hear a word.

I couldn't catch your words.

重复一下你刚说的?Beg your pardon?/ Pardon?

12. in the end终于【一段长时间之后,某种努力之后】

13. can与can't的读音:

can

can't

14. none,not,no,not any区别:

none=not any=no one,但none语气较强

none of有时可表示断然、粗暴语气,表命令。

None of your silly words! 别说傻话了!

none代词,没有任何东西,没有任何人

not否定词,放在非实义动词后

not any=no

I don't have any time. I have no time.

no形容词,修饰名词

15. suffer+精神/肉体上的痛苦 suffer the headache.

16. ring v. 铃声等响

风铃等响,用jingle,jingle bell铃儿响叮当。

打电话 ring sb.=call sb.=give sb. a ring

17. it指距离,天气,时间,温度。

on Sundays每个星期天。

on Sunday某个星期天

Just then, the telephone rang.It was my aunt Lucy.就在那时,……

不知道他/她性别,可用it。Who are you? Who is it?

18. by+交通工具,不用冠词。

要用冠词,用on/in+交通工具

by land走陆路 by sea走海路

19. I am coming to see you.

be coming表一般将来,近期按计划或安排要进行的动作。

同样用法的动词有:go,come,leave,arrive,land,meet,die,start,return,join

20. 天啊!

英式:Dear me! My dear!

美式:Oh my god!

21. 一般现在时一般与频率副词often,always,sometimes,never,frequently,rarely,ever连用。

22. 频率副词+实义动词

非实义动词+频率副词;

既有实义动词,又有动词,频率副词放之间。

I had ever seen the film.

疑问句中,副词放主语之后。

Did you sometimes go there?

否定句中,

not+always/generally/normally/often/regularly/usually

sometimes/frequently+not

表示肯定的副词可放句尾。

特别强调和需要对比时,可用于句首。

22. 非实义动词:

系动词be;帮助动词构成时态的助动词(did,had);情态动词

23. send/take children to school

take……to 强调某人亲自去送

send……to通过第三人去送,如美国的校车

take flowers to his wife亲自送花

send flowers to his wife叫店里的人送花

24.postcard:两个爆破音/t//k/在一起,前者/t/失去爆破【即/t/有口型,而不发音】

25. card:

名片 name card / visiting card

身份证ID card【ID:identity】

信用卡 credit card【可透支】

cash card现金卡,储蓄卡,工资卡【不能透支】

26.spoil,break,damage,destory区别

break打破,打碎 break the window

damage破坏,程度不一定很重

destory破坏,彻底摧毁

以上指物理破坏,

spoil主要指精神上的宠坏、溺爱,糟蹋

27. museum博物馆,

故宫 museum Palace

28.public house酒馆,简称pub

in public

in private

29.以ly结尾的形容词:【而非副词】

friendly,lovely,brotherly,motherly,fatherly,manly,likely[ly可指“像…一样的”]

30.借进借出

lend: lend sth. to sb./lend sb. sth.

borrow sth. from sb.

31.decision

make/take a 〈big./

great〉 decision= decide

32.whole,all

the whole …… the whole day,two whole weeks

all (the)day

all of us,all of the students.

all of后跟代词,不加冠词,不跟代词,则要冠词。

33. last

上一个:last sumner

最后一个:要加冠词the,the last day

34.Italy,Italian重音不同

34.think about/of/over

think of/about思考,考虑,指某段时间一直在考虑

think of还可指想到

think over仔细考虑,反复考虑

35.天冷。

-What's the weather like today?

-It's cold.

-It's chilly.{非常非常冷}

-I'll freeze.我要冻僵了。

36.receive,accept

receive 接受[被动的动作];接待

accept [主观的]接受

37.department store百货商店

38.work for/in/at

work for在……上班/任职,强调work

I am working for a school. 我在学校上班。

work in/at强调地点,在哪个地方上班

39.before放在句子后是副词,译为“在此之前”,是现在完成时的标志。

My brother has never been abroad before.

40.shortly,in a hurry, quickly,for a short time[很快]区别

shortly=soon 不久之后,强调时间上的快

in a hurry匆忙的动作

for a short time不久,表示动作延续一段时间。

quickly强调动作迅速。

41.pigeon n.鸽子

It's not my pigeon. =(It's) none of my business.不关我的事。

42.message

an oral /written message 口信/便条

take a message for sb.

messager 信使,送信人

43.cover

v. 行过(一段距离)

44.distance/distant n. 距离/ V.远的

importance/important

difference /different

45.request

v.要求,请求

request for …

request sb. to do sth.

46.spare

v. 饶恕,赦免。The robbers spared his life.抢劫犯饶了他一命。

v.抽空,让出

adj.空闲的;备用的

47.service

不可数名词:旅馆商店等对顾客的服务。

可数名词:为帮别人采取的行动或工作。

既可指业务,又可指办业务的机构。如a travel service旅行社 a news service通讯社

At your service.=(I'm)glad to at your service.

48.someting urgent紧急的事

49.一般过去时VS现在完成时

一般过去时:过去发生的动作或状态[只强调过去的事,与现在无关]

现在完成时:刚刚或已经完成一个动作,[并且对现在有影响]

I ate a piece of bread.

I have eaten a piece of bread. I'm not hungry.

50. 带way的短语

in the way以…方式,按照;in the/one's way挡路,妨碍;in this way这样,以这种方式

in a way从某种意义上说 to a degree/extent

be in the family way 怀孕了,有小孩了

by the way顺便说一下(对了)

on the/one's way在去……的途中

out of the way让路

51.pocket(零钱)的短语

pocket book袖珍书

pocket dictionary袖珍字典

pocket pick车上的小偷

pocket money(小孩的)零花钱

change零钱

beer money(男人的)零花钱

52.call短语

call out=shout大声喊

call on sb.拜访某人

call at+地点=visit someplace拜访某地

call back回某人电话

call in sb.召集和邀请某人

53.knock

V.敲 knock at ……敲……

vt./vi碰撞be knocked over

v.把(某人)打成……状态 e.g. knock sb. out

knock out打晕,打倒在地

knock sb. off:

1)[价格上]减去,除去,打折扣

He knocked 10% off the bill.(He reduced the price by 10%.)

2)下班,停止,中断(工作)

When do you usually knock off?你一般几点下班?

54.stand on one's head倒立

stand on one's hand(s)手着地

stand on one's knees跪着

lie on one's back仰面躺着

lie on one's side侧躺

lie on one's stomach趴着

55.tell sb. sth.(直接)告诉某人某事

tell sb about sth.通过其他事

56.in/on the street

in the street英国

on the street美国

57.detective 侦探

detective stories侦探小说

58.airport机场

aircraft飞行器

airfield停机坪

59.valuable有价值的

precious珍贵的(带情感)

-less表否定:

priceless无价的

valueless不足道的,没价值的

worthless无价值的

60.diamond钻石,diamond ring钻石戒指,jade玉,precious stone宝石,crystal水晶

语言总是一缕飘香

英语的魅力何在?

学会独立的思考,自由的表达吧。

61.几小时以前

a few hours ago/earlier/before

62.to one's +名词

to one's joy/excitement/surprise

63.比赛

competition 竞赛(暗地里的竞争)

race 比赛 car race

match比赛 football match

contest比赛(更广泛)

game游戏,运动

64.neat tidy整齐的,clean干净的

65.enter for报名参加(各种竞赛,考试等活动)

enter进入vt:enter+地点=go into +地点

参加vt./vi.:enter into +an agreement达成协议

enter conversation加入会话

enter (one's name/oneself)for+比赛,竞赛,考试 报名参加

Nearly everybody enters for this Competition,but Joe wins every time.

take part in真正的参加

crossword competition填字游戏

66.win

I win./I lose.我赢了。/我输了。

win something

defeat/beat sb.

67.比较级

有些双音节词,可加more most,也可加er est :narrow,clever,pleasant,common

far (farther farthest)距离上更远 最远

(further furthest)程度上更进一步

further more更有甚者

old (older oldest)比…大[做表语 older than]

(elder eldest)年长的[做定语修饰名词elder sister]

最高级范围的限定用in/among/of

68.welcome:

v.

n. a cold welcome冷遇

cold fish冷漠的人

lucky dog幸运儿

adj.受欢迎的You are welcome( to +地点).

69.a crowd of people一群人(无次序),人山人海

a group of people一群人(有次序)

70.people gathered人们聚集在一起(自发的)

71.hand (表或机器的)指针,手

minute hand分钟,second hand秒针,hour hand时针

72.等我一会

wait me a moment

wait me a few seconds (for a few seconds)

73.shout喊叫

scream尖叫

call out大声喊叫

cry out大声哭喊

74.the Town Hall市政厅

75.strike v.敲,击,打,弹(钟,乐器等)

strike the clock(人)敲钟

clock strike钟自己响

76.It was true that …… ……是一个事实

77.at that moment=just then就在那时

at the moment=now现在

78.not any =no【no语气最强】

79.in/during the holiday

in the holiday假期期间某一点时间

during the holiday假期期间【从头到尾,自始自终】

80.musical音乐的

musical student 有音乐天赋的学生

music student学音乐的学生

81.instrument器械,器具,尤指医疗、机器等方面,也可泛指乐器。

82.clavichord n.古钢琴

83.touch v.谈及,涉及,关系到

A rise in the cost of living touches everyone.生活成本的增加与每个人息息相关。

【touch v.触摸,碰 n.联系 keep in touch】

84.play the +乐器 演奏乐器

play music on+乐器 用…乐器演奏音乐

85.be made in/of/from/by/into

be made in+产地/时间

be made of+材料 用…制成 【制造后不改变原材料的形状或性质】

The tea pot is made of silver. 茶壶由银制成。

be made from+材料 【用几种材料制成,或制造后改变了原材料的形状或性质】

Paper can be made form wood.纸张由木头制成。

be made into被制成……

be made by由谁制造

文/清韵总结

Age wrinkles the body. Quitting wrinkles the soul.

岁月使皮肤起皱,放弃使灵魂起皱。

周末愉快啦~

下周见

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