MyBatis是怎么实现日志模块的?

场景复现

你知道MyBatis是怎么实现日志的?额,这个简单,我知道啊!不就是在mybatis-config.xml文件中配置一下吗?

<!DOCTYPE configuration
    PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
    "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>
    <settings>
        <setting name="logImpl" value="SLF4J"/>
    </settings>
</configuration>

看,就是上面这么配置就行了,这样还可以实现日志切换呢!
看官方文档介绍,有如下日志实现可以切换:

mybatis支持的日志实现

你知道具体的原理吗?MyBatis是怎样实现日志切换的呢?
额,这个,这个...(挠头,源码还没看过呢,😓)

源码撸起来~

对于这个不确定的事,作为程序员的我,怎能轻易说不知道呢?!源码走起来~

找到一个入口

首先,先从GitHub上将MyBatis的源码给clone到本地.老大们撸了那么多行代码,从哪开始下手呢???
大佬们,也是很规范的,写完代码有不少的Junit测试类,从test/java中找到了logging包.那就从这开始吧~

logging测试类

@Test
public void shouldReadLogImplFromSettings() throws Exception {
//try-with-resources语句,目的就是为了读取配置文件IO
//mybatis-config.xml配置文件内容如上,<setting name="logImpl" value="SLF4J"/>
try (Reader reader = Resources.getResourceAsReader("org/apache/ibatis/logging/mybatis-config.xml")) {
  //解析配置文件,解析配置文件的代码就在这了~
  new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder().build(reader);
}

Log log = LogFactory.getLog(Object.class);
log.debug("Debug message.");
assertEquals(log.getClass().getName(), NoLoggingImpl.class.getName());
}

SqlSessionFactoryBuilder类

//根据配置文件IO构建SqlSessionFactory
public SqlSessionFactory build(Reader reader) {
    return build(reader, null, null);
}


public SqlSessionFactory build(Reader reader, String environment, Properties properties) {
    try {
        //构建XML配置构建器
        XMLConfigBuilder parser = new XMLConfigBuilder(reader, environment, properties);
        //解析XML配置文件
        return build(parser.parse());
    } catch (Exception e) {
        throw ExceptionFactory.wrapException("Error building SqlSession.", e);
    } finally {
        ErrorContext.instance().reset();
        try {
            reader.close();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            // Intentionally ignore. Prefer previous error.
        }
    }
}

XMLConfigBuilder XML配置构建器

构造函数
//reader是XML配置文件IO
public XMLConfigBuilder(Reader reader, String environment, Properties props) {
    this(new XPathParser(reader, true, props, new XMLMapperEntityResolver()), environment, props);
}

//实际调用的XML配置文件构建器构建函数
private XMLConfigBuilder(XPathParser parser, String environment, Properties props) {
    //注意了,这是重点,在这地方调用了父类的构造函数,新建了一个Configuration对象,下面看看Configuration构造函数做了什么
    super(new Configuration());
    ErrorContext.instance().resource("SQL Mapper Configuration");
    this.configuration.setVariables(props);
    this.parsed = false;
    this.environment = environment;
    this.parser = parser;
}
parse解析方法
/**
 * 解析 mybatis-config.xml
 * @return
 */
public Configuration parse() {
    // 只能解析一次
    if (parsed) {
        throw new BuilderException("Each XMLConfigBuilder can only be used once.");
    }
    parsed = true;
    //根据XPATH获取configuration节点
    parseConfiguration(parser.evalNode("/configuration"));
    return configuration;
}
parseConfiguration 解析配置方法
private void parseConfiguration(XNode root) {
    try {
        //issue #117 read properties first
        // 解析 properties 节点
        propertiesElement(root.evalNode("properties"));
        // 解析 settings 节点
        Properties settings = settingsAsProperties(root.evalNode("settings"));
        loadCustomVfs(settings);
        // 解析 typeAliases 节点
        typeAliasesElement(root.evalNode("typeAliases"));
        // 解析 plugins 节点
        pluginElement(root.evalNode("plugins"));
        // 解析 objectFactory 节点
        objectFactoryElement(root.evalNode("objectFactory"));
        // 解析 objectWrapperFactory 节点
        objectWrapperFactoryElement(root.evalNode("objectWrapperFactory"));
        // 解析 reflectorFactory 节点
        reflectorFactoryElement(root.evalNode("reflectorFactory"));
        settingsElement(settings);
        // 解析 environments 节点, 需要在 objectFactory 和 objectWrapperFactory才能读取
        environmentsElement(root.evalNode("environments"));
        // 解析 databaseIdProvider 节点
        databaseIdProviderElement(root.evalNode("databaseIdProvider"));
        // 解析 typeHandlers 节点
        typeHandlerElement(root.evalNode("typeHandlers"));
        // 解析 mappers 节点
        mapperElement(root.evalNode("mappers"));
    } catch (Exception e) {
        throw new BuilderException("Error parsing SQL Mapper Configuration. Cause: " + e, e);
    }
}

其中Properties settings = settingsAsProperties(root.evalNode("settings"));是解析setttings节点,将settings节点的内容解析到 Properties 对象,其中涉及到很多操作,不在本文分析之列.
settingsElement(settings);将settings中的配置设置到Configuration对象.

settingsElement settings节点的配置
private void settingsElement(Properties props) throws Exception {
    ...
    configuration.setLogPrefix(props.getProperty("logPrefix"));
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    // 这个不就是从settings中解析日志的实现吗?快看看~
    // resovleClass是父类BaseBuilder中的方法
    Class<? extends Log> logImpl = (Class<? extends Log>) resolveClass(props.getProperty("logImpl"));
    //将日志的实现类设置到configuration配置类中
    configuration.setLogImpl(logImpl);
    configuration.setConfigurationFactory(resolveClass(props.getProperty("configurationFactory")));
}

Configuration 配置类

public class Configuration {
    ...
    protected final TypeAliasRegistry typeAliasRegistry = new TypeAliasRegistry();
    ...
    public Configuration() {
        ...
    
        //日志类型别名
        typeAliasRegistry.registerAlias("SLF4J", Slf4jImpl.class);
        typeAliasRegistry.registerAlias("COMMONS_LOGGING", JakartaCommonsLoggingImpl.class);
        typeAliasRegistry.registerAlias("LOG4J", Log4jImpl.class);
        typeAliasRegistry.registerAlias("LOG4J2", Log4j2Impl.class);
        typeAliasRegistry.registerAlias("JDK_LOGGING", Jdk14LoggingImpl.class);
        typeAliasRegistry.registerAlias("STDOUT_LOGGING", StdOutImpl.class);
        typeAliasRegistry.registerAlias("NO_LOGGING", NoLoggingImpl.class);
    
        typeAliasRegistry.registerAlias("CGLIB", CglibProxyFactory.class);
        typeAliasRegistry.registerAlias("JAVASSIST", JavassistProxyFactory.class);
    
        languageRegistry.setDefaultDriverClass(XMLLanguageDriver.class);
        languageRegistry.register(RawLanguageDriver.class);
    }
}

从上面的Configuration构造函数中可以看到,类型别名中定义了日志实现的名称与,实现类.class(这些实现类都是MyBatis实现的,稍后再说)

//设置日志实现类
public void setLogImpl(Class<? extends Log> logImpl) {
    if (logImpl != null) {
        this.logImpl = logImpl;
        //调用日志工厂,设置日志实现
        LogFactory.useCustomLogging(this.logImpl);
    }
}

BaseBuilder

构造函数
public BaseBuilder(Configuration configuration) {
    this.configuration = configuration;
    //可以看到这个地方的类型别名是从configuration中获取的
    this.typeAliasRegistry = this.configuration.getTypeAliasRegistry();
    this.typeHandlerRegistry = this.configuration.getTypeHandlerRegistry();
}
protected <T> Class<? extends T> resolveClass(String alias) {
    if (alias == null) {
      return null;
    }
    try {
      //解析别名
      return resolveAlias(alias);
    } catch (Exception e) {
      throw new BuilderException("Error resolving class. Cause: " + e, e);
    }
}

//这个不就是从别名中获取对应的实现吗??!
//配置SLF4J,返回Slf4jImpl.class
protected <T> Class<? extends T> resolveAlias(String alias) {
    //这个地方的typeAliasRegistry是从configuration中获取的
    return typeAliasRegistry.resolveAlias(alias);
}

TypeAliasRegistry 类型别名

类型别名注册
//就是将key转换位小写,存入HashMap中,key是别名,value是Class类对象
public void registerAlias(String alias, Class<?> value) {
    if (alias == null) {
        throw new TypeException("The parameter alias cannot be null");
    }
    // issue #748
    String key = alias.toLowerCase(Locale.ENGLISH);
    if (TYPE_ALIASES.containsKey(key) && TYPE_ALIASES.get(key) != null && !TYPE_ALIASES.get(key).equals(value)) {
        throw new TypeException("The alias '" + alias + "' is already mapped to the value '" + TYPE_ALIASES.get(key).getName() + "'.");
    }
    TYPE_ALIASES.put(key, value);
}
//根据对应的别名key,获取实现类class
public <T> Class<T> resolveAlias(String string) {
    try {
        if (string == null) {
            return null;
        }
        // issue #748
        String key = string.toLowerCase(Locale.ENGLISH);
        Class<T> value;
        if (TYPE_ALIASES.containsKey(key)) {
            value = (Class<T>) TYPE_ALIASES.get(key);
        } else {
            value = (Class<T>) Resources.classForName(string);
        }
        return value;
    } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
        throw new TypeException("Could not resolve type alias '" + string + "'.  Cause: " + e, e);
    }
}

Slf4jImpl Slf4j实现类

public class Slf4jImpl implements Log {

  private Log log;

  public Slf4jImpl(String clazz) {
    //使用Slf4j的API获取日志器
    Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(clazz);

    if (logger instanceof LocationAwareLogger) {
      try {
        // check for slf4j >= 1.6 method signature
        logger.getClass().getMethod("log", Marker.class, String.class, int.class, String.class, Object[].class, Throwable.class);
        log = new Slf4jLocationAwareLoggerImpl((LocationAwareLogger) logger);
        return;
      } catch (SecurityException e) {
        // fail-back to Slf4jLoggerImpl
      } catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
        // fail-back to Slf4jLoggerImpl
      }
    }

    // Logger is not LocationAwareLogger or slf4j version < 1.6
    log = new Slf4jLoggerImpl(logger);
  }

  ...
}

可见,最终还是调用具体的日志API实现!

LogFactory 日志工厂

package org.apache.ibatis.logging;

import java.lang.reflect.Constructor;

/**
 * 日志工厂
 */
public final class LogFactory {

  /**
   * Marker to be used by logging implementations that support markers
   */
  public static final String MARKER = "MYBATIS";

  // 记录当前使用的第三方日志库组件所对应的适配器的方法
  private static Constructor<? extends Log> logConstructor;

  // tryImplementation 进行尝试加载
  static {
    tryImplementation(LogFactory::useSlf4jLogging);
    tryImplementation(LogFactory::useCommonsLogging);
    tryImplementation(LogFactory::useLog4J2Logging);
    tryImplementation(LogFactory::useLog4JLogging);
    tryImplementation(LogFactory::useJdkLogging);
    tryImplementation(LogFactory::useNoLogging);
  }

  // 私有化
  private LogFactory() {
    // disable construction
  }

  public static Log getLog(Class<?> aClass) {
    return getLog(aClass.getName());
  }

  public static Log getLog(String logger) {
    try {
      return logConstructor.newInstance(logger);
    } catch (Throwable t) {
      throw new LogException("Error creating logger for logger " + logger + ".  Cause: " + t, t);
    }
  }

  /**
   * 以下的 useXXXogging 的方法都是尝试加载日志的实现
   * 最终的实现都是 setImplementation
   */


  public static synchronized void useCustomLogging(Class<? extends Log> clazz) {
    setImplementation(clazz);
  }

  public static synchronized void useSlf4jLogging() {
    setImplementation(org.apache.ibatis.logging.slf4j.Slf4jImpl.class);
  }

  public static synchronized void useCommonsLogging() {
    setImplementation(org.apache.ibatis.logging.commons.JakartaCommonsLoggingImpl.class);
  }

  public static synchronized void useLog4JLogging() {
    setImplementation(org.apache.ibatis.logging.log4j.Log4jImpl.class);
  }

  public static synchronized void useLog4J2Logging() {
    setImplementation(org.apache.ibatis.logging.log4j2.Log4j2Impl.class);
  }

  public static synchronized void useJdkLogging() {
    setImplementation(org.apache.ibatis.logging.jdk14.Jdk14LoggingImpl.class);
  }

  public static synchronized void useStdOutLogging() {
    setImplementation(org.apache.ibatis.logging.stdout.StdOutImpl.class);
  }

  public static synchronized void useNoLogging() {
    setImplementation(org.apache.ibatis.logging.nologging.NoLoggingImpl.class);
  }

  /**
   * 尝试加载
   * @param runnable
   */
  private static void tryImplementation(Runnable runnable) {
    if (logConstructor == null) {
      try {
        // 会调用 useSlf4jLogging 类似的方法
        runnable.run();
      } catch (Throwable t) {
        // ignore
      }
    }
  }

  /**
   * 设计日志的实现类
   * @param implClass Log 的子类
   */
  private static void setImplementation(Class<? extends Log> implClass) {
    try {
      // 通过反射获取构造方法
      Constructor<? extends Log> candidate = implClass.getConstructor(String.class);
      Log log = candidate.newInstance(LogFactory.class.getName());
      if (log.isDebugEnabled()) {
        log.debug("Logging initialized using '" + implClass + "' adapter.");
      }
      //设置日志实现的有参构造函数
      logConstructor = candidate;
    } catch (Throwable t) {
      throw new LogException("Error setting Log implementation.  Cause: " + t, t);
    }
  }

}

可以看到其中有静态代码块,随着类的加载,尝试加载日志的实现!

总结

通过以上的一步一步分析,可以看到MyBatis是分别通过对日志实现进行包装,最终还是调用具体的日志API实现.

推荐阅读更多精彩内容

  • 1. 简介 1.1 什么是 MyBatis ? MyBatis 是支持定制化 SQL、存储过程以及高级映射的优秀的...
    笨鸟慢飞阅读 3,748评论 0 4
  • 在使用Mybatis时,我们通常将其配置在Spring容器中,当Spring启动的时候会自动加载Mybatis的所...
    Java_苏先生阅读 578评论 0 3
  • 记录是一种精神,是加深理解最好的方式之一。 最近看了下Mybatis的源码,了解了下Mybatis对配置文件的解析...
    曹金桂阅读 7,352评论 3 35
  • # 前言 在java程序员的世界里,最熟悉的开源软件除了 Spring,Tomcat,还有谁呢?当然是 Mybat...
    莫那一鲁道阅读 2,846评论 3 10
  • 本专辑将介绍mybatis的原理和源码分析。 1、概述 在不使用spring的情况下,我们从官网上可以看到myba...
    丑星星阅读 1,423评论 0 7
  • 每晚最大的敌人不是黑夜,而是手机和电视。最近更是仿佛到了娱乐盛宴的顶峰,土偶的pick,世界杯的冷门,镇魂的女孩狂...
    了不起啊姑娘阅读 166评论 0 1
  • 写作训练营开课已经一周了,在这一周里,自己的心情经历了波折。第一二节课的时候,自己觉得自己思想上很轻松,觉得写作对...
    syq憧憬阅读 79评论 0 0
  • 当天幕还只是在边角泛出微微辉光的时候,胡采英便已开始凝身于山间采茶了。待他把那副与自身年龄相差悬殊的老花镜往鼻翼上...
    大猪摇摇头阅读 195评论 0 2