Spin out of
a person who is the first to explore or settle a new country or area.
an innovator or developer of new ideas or techniques.
a member of an infantry group preparing roads or terrain for the main body of troops.
be a pioneer of.
open up (a road or terrain) as a pioneer.
•Tourists often get lost and stray intodangerous areas.
•A stray dog came up to him.
•The dog was a stray which had been adopted.
•Even with the simplest cases I find my mindstraying.
•An 8-year-old boy was killed by a straybullet.
In a dangerous manner.
perilous: meansfull of or exposed to danger or risk.
1. Some forecasters warn that the U.S. in the coming year will run perilously close to a contraction, too, if it allows existing tax cuts and other stimulus to end this year.
If you replicate someone's experiment, work, or research, you do it yourself in exactly the same way. 复制; 重做(试验、工作或研究)
V-T If you allay someone's fears or doubts, you stop them feeling afraid or doubtful. 消除 (恐惧、疑虑)
He did what he could to allay his wife's myriad fears.
•He is interested in how our perceptions ofdeath affect the way we live.
•It did not require a lot of perception torealize the interview was over.
1.to suddenly pull or twist something 捏，拧，扭
•She leant forward and tweaked both ends of his moustache.
2.to make small changes to a machine, vehicle, or system in order to improve the way it works 对〔机器、汽车或系统〕作小小的改进
•Maybe you should tweak a few sentences before you send in the report.
Be relevant to
- refer, pertain, relate, concern, come to, touch, touch on, have to do with
Have an effect upon
- affect, impact, bear upon, touch on, touch
Press, drive, or impel (someone) to action or completion of an action
Keep or maintain in unaltered condition; cause to remain or last
- continue, uphold, carry on, preserve
ADJ If you say
that something is imminent, especially something unpleasant, you mean it is
almost certain to happen very soon. (尤指不好的事情) 即将发生的
•There appeared no imminent danger.
ADJ If you describe an activity as nefarious, you mean that it is wicked and immoral. 恶毒的;不道德的
•Why make a whole village prisoner if it wasnot to some nefarious purpose?
1.V-T If one thing incorporates another thing, it includes the other thing. 包含
•The new cars will incorporate a number ofmajor improvements.
2.V-T If someone or something is incorporated into a large group, system, or area, they become a part of it. 使并入
•The agreement would allow the rebels to beincorporated into a new national police force.
Trail and error
Love like life is an experiment , it moves on through trail and error.
1.And the approach was lessheavy-handedthan imposing quotas fro poorer pupils, an option previous governments had considered.
2.If BITdid notsave the government at least ten times its running cost, it was to beshut down after two years.
3.May worried about the idea of bureaucrats being given free rein to shape behaviorby imperceptibly tweaking government communications and environmental cues.
4.As long as that choice is made in a transparent manner, and is subject to democratically elected politicians, nudging offers policymakers an alternative to both the nanny state and the unintelligent one; a middle way that he describes as “libertarian paternalism”.
Financial aid 经济援助
Roll out the scheme 开展方案
Spin out of脱离……的控制
Pioneer the use of psychology开拓地使用心理学
The very idea provoked objections 这个想法激起了反对
Mass manipulation 公众操控
Gain ground 占有一席之地；取得进展
Shape brand perception 塑造品牌认知度
Mark the start of a global trend标志着全球性趋势的开端
Centrally directed policy initiatives中央指示的政治方案
Set the desired outcome as the default将预期的结果设为默认值