iOS自动打包并发布脚本

直接上代码:

文件:autobuild.py

#!/usr/bin/env python

# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-

#./autobuild.py -p youproject.xcodeproj -s schemename

#./autobuild.py -w youproject.xcworkspace -s schemename

import argparse

import subprocess

import requests

import os

#configuration for iOS build setting

CONFIGURATION = "Debug"

EXPORT_OPTIONS_PLIST = "exportOptions.plist"

#会在桌面创建输出ipa文件的目录

EXPORT_MAIN_DIRECTORY = "~/Desktop/"

# configuration for pgyer

PGYER_UPLOAD_URL = "http://www.pgyer.com/apiv1/app/upload"

DOWNLOAD_BASE_URL = "http://www.pgyer.com"

USER_KEY = "d7fda23e2e6d11c2a3af54e7c56e4377"

API_KEY = "100a76c21d6e5202069223ea19018696"

#设置从蒲公英下载应用时的密码

PYGER_PASSWORD = "123"

# 蒲公英更新描述

PGYDESC = "testtest"

def cleanArchiveFile(archiveFile):

cleanCmd = "rm -r %s" %(archiveFile)

process = subprocess.Popen(cleanCmd, shell = True)

process.wait()

print "cleaned archiveFile: %s" %(archiveFile)

def parserUploadResult(jsonResult):

resultCode = jsonResult['code']

if resultCode == 0:

downUrl = DOWNLOAD_BASE_URL +"/"+jsonResult['data']['appShortcutUrl']

print "Upload Success"

print "DownUrl is:" + downUrl

else:

print "Upload Fail!"

print "Reason:"+jsonResult['message']

def uploadIpaToPgyer(ipaPath):

print "ipaPath:"+ipaPath

ipaPath = os.path.expanduser(ipaPath)

ipaPath = unicode(ipaPath, "utf-8")

files = {'file': open(ipaPath, 'rb')}

headers = {'enctype':'multipart/form-data'}

payload = {'uKey':USER_KEY,'_api_key':API_KEY,'publishRange':'2','isPublishToPublic':'2', 'password':PYGER_PASSWORD, 'updateDescription':PGYDESC}

print "update desc:" + PGYDESC

print "uploading...."

r = requests.post(PGYER_UPLOAD_URL, data = payload ,files=files,headers=headers)

if r.status_code == requests.codes.ok:

result = r.json()

parserUploadResult(result)

else:

print 'HTTPError,Code:'+r.status_code

#创建输出ipa文件路径: ~/Desktop/{scheme}{2016-12-28_08-08-10}

def buildExportDirectory(scheme):

dateCmd = 'date "+%Y-%m-%d_%H-%M-%S"'

process = subprocess.Popen(dateCmd, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, shell=True)

(stdoutdata, stderrdata) = process.communicate()

exportDirectory = "%s%s%s" %(EXPORT_MAIN_DIRECTORY, scheme, stdoutdata.strip())

return exportDirectory

def buildArchivePath(tempName):

process = subprocess.Popen("pwd", stdout=subprocess.PIPE)

(stdoutdata, stderrdata) = process.communicate()

archiveName = "%s.xcarchive" %(tempName)

archivePath = stdoutdata.strip() + '/' + archiveName

return archivePath

def getIpaPath(exportPath):

cmd = "ls %s" %(exportPath)

process = subprocess.Popen(cmd, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, shell=True)

(stdoutdata, stderrdata) = process.communicate()

ipaName = stdoutdata.strip()

ipaPath = exportPath + "/" + ipaName

return ipaPath

def exportArchive(scheme, archivePath):

exportDirectory = buildExportDirectory(scheme)

exportCmd = "xcodebuild -exportArchive -archivePath %s -exportPath %s -exportOptionsPlist %s" %(archivePath, exportDirectory, EXPORT_OPTIONS_PLIST)

process = subprocess.Popen(exportCmd, shell=True)

(stdoutdata, stderrdata) = process.communicate()

signReturnCode = process.returncode

if signReturnCode != 0:

print "export %s failed" %(scheme)

return ""

else:

return exportDirectory

def buildProject(project, scheme):

archivePath = buildArchivePath(scheme)

print "archivePath: " + archivePath

archiveCmd = 'xcodebuild -project %s -scheme %s -configuration %s archive -archivePath %s -destination generic/platform=iOS' %(project, scheme, CONFIGURATION, archivePath)

process = subprocess.Popen(archiveCmd, shell=True)

process.wait()

archiveReturnCode = process.returncode

if archiveReturnCode != 0:

print "archive workspace %s failed" %(workspace)

cleanArchiveFile(archivePath)

else:

exportDirectory = exportArchive(scheme, archivePath)

cleanArchiveFile(archivePath)

if exportDirectory != "":

ipaPath = getIpaPath(exportDirectory)

uploadIpaToPgyer(ipaPath)

def buildWorkspace(workspace, scheme):

archivePath = buildArchivePath(scheme)

print "archivePath: " + archivePath

archiveCmd = 'xcodebuild -workspace %s -scheme %s -configuration %s archive -archivePath %s -destination generic/platform=iOS' %(workspace, scheme, CONFIGURATION, archivePath)

process = subprocess.Popen(archiveCmd, shell=True)

process.wait()

archiveReturnCode = process.returncode

if archiveReturnCode != 0:

print "archive workspace %s failed" %(workspace)

cleanArchiveFile(archivePath)

else:

exportDirectory = exportArchive(scheme, archivePath)

cleanArchiveFile(archivePath)

if exportDirectory != "":

ipaPath = getIpaPath(exportDirectory)

uploadIpaToPgyer(ipaPath)

def xcbuild(options):

project = options.project

workspace = options.workspace

scheme = options.scheme

desc = options.desc

# global PGYDESC

PGYDESC = desc

if project is None and workspace is None:

pass

elif project is not None:

buildProject(project, scheme)

elif workspace is not None:

buildWorkspace(workspace, scheme)

def main():

parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()

parser.add_argument("-w", "--workspace", help="Build the workspace name.xcworkspace.", metavar="name.xcworkspace")

parser.add_argument("-p", "--project", help="Build the project name.xcodeproj.", metavar="name.xcodeproj")

parser.add_argument("-s", "--scheme", help="Build the scheme specified by schemename. Required if building a workspace.", metavar="schemename")

parser.add_argument("-m", "--desc", help="Pgyer update description.", metavar="description")

options = parser.parse_args()

print "options: %s" % (options)

xcbuild(options)

if __name__ == '__main__':

main()

文件:exportOptions.plist

文件:README.md

#autobuild.py

iOS 自动化打包脚本,并上传*ipa*文件至蒲公英。参数说明:

```

Usage: autobuild.py [options]

Options:

-h, --help            show this help message and exit

-w name.xcworkspace, --workspace=name.xcworkspace

Build the workspace name.xcworkspace.

-p name.xcodeproj, --project=name.xcodeproj

Build the project name.xcodeproj.

-s schemename, --scheme=schemename

Build the scheme specified by schemename. Required if

building a workspace.

-m description, --desc=description

Pgyer update description.

```

使用方式:

```

./autobuild.py -p youproject.xcodeproj -s schemename

或者

./autobuild.py -w youproject.xcworkspace -s schemename

```

脚本中有几个全局变量,根据自己项目设置进行修改其值, 包括:

```

CONFIGURATION = "Release"

EXPORT_OPTIONS_PLIST = "exportOptions.plist"

#会在桌面创建输出ipa文件的目录

EXPORT_MAIN_DIRECTORY = "~/Desktop/"

```

*CONFIGURATION*:可在项目工程文件所在目录执行`xcodebuild -list`查看所有可选取值。

*EXPORT_OPTIONS_PLIST*:导出*ipa*文件时的配置参数,该参数值是你的配置参数文件名,请在*autobuild.py*文件所在目录下创建*exportOptions.plist*文件,配置参数({app-store, ad-hoc, enterprise, development})可使用`xcodebuild --help`查看所有可选取值。

*EXPORT_MAIN_DIRECTORY*:默认情况下会在桌面创建*ipa*文件导出的文件夹,文件夹命名如:*~/Desktop/{scheme}{2016-12-28_08-08-10}*。

```

# configuration for pgyer

PGYER_UPLOAD_URL = "http://www.pgyer.com/apiv1/app/upload"

DOWNLOAD_BASE_URL = "http://www.pgyer.com"

USER_KEY = "15d6xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx"

API_KEY = "efxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx"

#设置从蒲公英下载应用时的密码

PYGER_PASSWORD = ""

# 蒲公英更新描述

PGYDESC = ""

```

上传*ipa*文件至蒲公英的配置,你需要设置的是:*USER_KEY*, *API_KEY*, *PYGER_PASSWORD*。

本文最终实现的是使用脚本打 Ad-hoc 包,并发布测试,当然稍微修改一下脚本参数就可以打其他类型的 ipa 包了。另外该脚本还实现了将生成的 ipa 包上传至蒲公英进行测试分发。

结合蒲公英分发平台,将 ipa 文件上传至蒲公英分发平台,同时在终端会打印上传结果以及上传应用后该应用的 URL。蒲公英分发平台能够方便地将 ipa 文件尽快分发到测试人员,该平台有开放 API,可避免人工上传。

常见问题:

找不到request module.

import requests

ImportError: No module named requests

找不到request module,参考stackoverflow, 使用$ sudo pip install requests或者sudo easy_install -U requests;

如果使用了上传蒲公英,且安装需要密码,请打开脚本,搜一下脚本里的password,将其值设置为空。

========== update 2016-12-28 ==========

github上脚本进行更新:

使用xcodebuild -exportArchive替换PackageApplication进行打包.

解析传入参数使用argparse替换OptionParser.

去掉对PROVISIONING_PROFILECODE_SIGN_IDENTITY的配置,请使用Xcode8的自动证书管理。

新增exportOptions.plist文件,用于设置导出ipa文件的参数,该文件中的可配置参数可使用xcodebuild --help查看。

脚本传入参数去掉--target和--output,ipa文件默认会存放在Desktop创建诸如{scheme}{2016-12-28_08-08-10}格式的文件夹中。

假如你的项目目录如下所示:

|____AOP

| |____AppDelegate.h

| |____AppDelegate.m

| |____Base.lproj

| | |____LaunchScreen.xib

| | |____Main.storyboard

| |____Images.xcassets

| |____Info.plist

| |____main.m

| |____ViewController.h

| |____ViewController.m

|____AOP.xcodeproj

|____autobuild

| |____autobuild.py

| |____exportOptions.plist

先进入autobuild目录,使用脚本打包的命令如下:

python autobuild.py -p ../AOP.xcodeproj -s AOP

脚本执行完毕,若成功,则会在桌面生成ipa文件。

若是打包xcworkspace项目,则打包命令格式如下所示:

python autobuild.py -w ../yourworkspace.xcworkspace -s yourscheme

exportOptions.plist文件中的可选配置参数如下:

{app-store, ad-hoc, enterprise, development}

如果还有什么问题,可在下面回复留言。

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