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docker-compose 安装redis和mysql

原文链接:https://www.fank243.com/posts/iqvssnlq.html

创建目录结构

目录结构如下

docker/docker-compose.yml
docker/mysql/data
docker/mysql/my.cnf
docker/redis/data
docker/redis/redis.conf

编写 my.cnf 文件

[client]
 port = 3306
 socket = /var/lib/mysql/data/mysql.sock
[mysqld]
 # 针对5.7版本执行group by字句出错问题解决
 sql_mode='STRICT_TRANS_TABLES,NO_ZERO_IN_DATE,NO_ZERO_DATE,ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO,NO_AUTO_CREATE_USER,NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION'
 # 一般配置选项
 basedir = /var/lib/mysql
 datadir = /var/lib/mysql/data
 port = 3306
 socket = /var/lib/mysql/data/mysql.sock
 lc-messages-dir = /usr/share/mysql # 务必配置此项,否则执行sql出错时,只能显示错误代码而不显示具体错误消息
 character-set-server=utf8
 back_log = 300
 max_connections = 3000
 max_connect_errors = 50
 table_open_cache = 4096
 max_allowed_packet = 32M
 #binlog_cache_size = 4M
 max_heap_table_size = 128M
 read_rnd_buffer_size = 16M
 sort_buffer_size = 16M
 join_buffer_size = 16M
 thread_cache_size = 16
 query_cache_size = 64M
 query_cache_limit = 4M
 ft_min_word_len = 8
 thread_stack = 512K
 transaction_isolation = REPEATABLE-READ
 tmp_table_size = 64M
 #log-bin=mysql-bin
 long_query_time = 6
 server_id=1
 innodb_buffer_pool_size = 256M
 innodb_thread_concurrency = 16
 innodb_log_buffer_size = 16M

编写 redis.conf 文件

此处省略

编写 docker-compose.yml 文件

version: '3'
services:
  mysql:
    hostname: mysql
    image: mysql:5.7.26
    # network_mode: "host" # 如果需要容器使用宿主机IP(内网IP),则可以配置此项
    container_name: mysql # 指定容器名称,如果不设置此参数,则由系统自动生成
    restart: unless-stopped # 设置容器自启模式
    command: mysqld --character-set-server=utf8mb4 --collation-server=utf8mb4_unicode_ci # 设置utf8字符集
    environment:
      - TZ=Asia/Shanghai # 设置容器时区与宿主机保持一致
      - MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=root # 设置root密码
    volumes:
       - /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro # 设置容器时区与宿主机保持一致
       - ./mysql/data:/var/lib/mysql/data # 映射数据库保存目录到宿主机,防止数据丢失
       - ./mysql/my.cnf:/etc/mysql/my.cnf # 映射数据库配置文件
    ports:
        - "3306:3306"
  
  redis:  
    hostname: redis
    image: redis:5.0.4
    container_name: redis
    restart: unless-stopped
    command: redis-server /etc/redis.conf # 启动redis命令
    environment:
      - TZ=Asia/Shanghai
    volumes:
      - /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro # 设置容器时区与宿主机保持一致
      - ./redis/data:/data
      - ./redis/redis.conf:/etc/redis.conf
    ports:
        - "6379:6379"

创建并启动容器

如果文件名就叫做docker-compose.yml则可以不适用-f选项指定文件路劲,up选项启动容器,-d选项以守护模式运行

docker-compose -f docker-compose.yml up -d

如果要批量停止容器并清除容器,可以使用down命令

docker-compose -f docker-compose.yml down

如果要重新构建容器,可以使用--build选项

docker-compose -f docker-compose.yml up --build -d

启动成功后,可使用以下命令查看容器运行状态

docker ps -a

如果启动失败,可以查看容器日志信息获取帮助

docker logs 容器名词或容器ID # 既docker-compose.yml文件参数container_name指定的值

mysql 执行 group by 语句出错

In aggregated query without GROUP BY, expression #1 of SELECT list contains nonaggregated column 'db_test.t.id'; this is incompatible with sql_mode=only_full_group_by

参考解决:https://www.fank243.com/posts/b9a9a990.html

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