第六模块 博客项目(1)需求分析及数据库设计

1 项目需求分析

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2 数据库表设计

2.1 数据库表对应关系

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2.2 数据库models

from django.db import models

# Create your models here.


from django.contrib.auth.models import AbstractUser


class UserInfo(AbstractUser):
    """
    用户信息
    """
    nid = models.AutoField(primary_key=True)
    telephone = models.CharField(max_length=11, null=True, unique=True)
    avatar = models.FileField(upload_to='avatars/', default="/avatars/default.png")
    create_time = models.DateTimeField(verbose_name='创建时间', auto_now_add=True)

    blog = models.OneToOneField(to='Blog', to_field='nid', null=True, on_delete=models.CASCADE)

    def __str__(self):
        return self.username


class Blog(models.Model):
    """
    博客信息
    """
    nid = models.AutoField(primary_key=True)
    title = models.CharField(verbose_name='个人博客标题', max_length=64)
    site_name = models.CharField(verbose_name='站点名称', max_length=64)
    theme = models.CharField(verbose_name='博客主题', max_length=32)

    def __str__(self):
        return self.title


class Category(models.Model):
    """
    博主个人文章分类表
    """
    nid = models.AutoField(primary_key=True)
    title = models.CharField(verbose_name='分类标题', max_length=32)
    blog = models.ForeignKey(verbose_name='所属博客', to='Blog', to_field='nid', on_delete=models.CASCADE)

    def __str__(self):
        return self.title


class Tag(models.Model):
    nid = models.AutoField(primary_key=True)
    title = models.CharField(verbose_name='标签名称', max_length=32)
    blog = models.ForeignKey(verbose_name='所属博客', to='Blog', to_field='nid', on_delete=models.CASCADE)

    def __str__(self):
        return self.title


class Article(models.Model):
    nid = models.AutoField(primary_key=True)
    title = models.CharField(max_length=50, verbose_name='文章标题')
    desc = models.CharField(max_length=255, verbose_name='文章描述')
    create_time = models.DateTimeField(verbose_name='创建时间', auto_now_add=True)
    content = models.TextField()

    comment_count = models.IntegerField(default=0)
    up_count = models.IntegerField(default=0)
    down_count = models.IntegerField(default=0)

    user = models.ForeignKey(verbose_name='作者', to='UserInfo', to_field='nid', on_delete=models.CASCADE)
    category = models.ForeignKey(to='Category', to_field='nid', null=True, on_delete=models.CASCADE)
    tags = models.ManyToManyField(
        to="Tag",
        through='Article2Tag',
        through_fields=('article', 'tag'),
    )

    def __str__(self):
        return self.title


class Article2Tag(models.Model):
    nid = models.AutoField(primary_key=True)
    article = models.ForeignKey(verbose_name='文章', to="Article", to_field='nid', on_delete=models.CASCADE)
    tag = models.ForeignKey(verbose_name='标签', to="Tag", to_field='nid', on_delete=models.CASCADE)

    class Meta:
        unique_together = [
            ('article', 'tag'),
        ]

    def __str__(self):
        v = self.article.title + "---" + self.tag.title
        return v


class ArticleUpDown(models.Model):
    """
    点赞表
    """

    nid = models.AutoField(primary_key=True)
    user = models.ForeignKey('UserInfo', null=True, on_delete=models.CASCADE)
    article = models.ForeignKey("Article", null=True, on_delete=models.CASCADE)
    is_up = models.BooleanField(default=True)

    class Meta:
        unique_together = [
            ('article', 'user'),
        ]


class Comment(models.Model):
    """

    评论表

    """
    nid = models.AutoField(primary_key=True)
    article = models.ForeignKey(verbose_name='评论文章', to='Article', to_field='nid', on_delete=models.CASCADE)
    user = models.ForeignKey(verbose_name='评论者', to='UserInfo', to_field='nid', on_delete=models.CASCADE)
    content = models.CharField(verbose_name='评论内容', max_length=255)
    create_time = models.DateTimeField(verbose_name='创建时间', auto_now_add=True)
    parent_comment = models.ForeignKey('self', null=True, on_delete=models.CASCADE)

    def __str__(self):
        return self.content

2.3 修改认证模块默认User表

由于继承了AbstractUser类,需要在settings.py中设置AUTH_USER_MODEL = "blog.UserInfo"

2.4 导入数据库

python manage.py makemigrations
python manage.py migrate

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