【Python爬虫】第三周练习(14)

96
Doggy米
2018.01.12 14:24 字数 195

一、div标签文本提取
将学习视频中xpath.html文件中div标签下文本值
“第一个div” ,“第二个div” 使用xpath结构化提取并打印输出
二、ul标签文本提取
将xpath.html文件中ul标签下“流程” ,“xpath学习”,“流程2”文本值
使用xpath结构化提取并打印输出
三、过滤标签
将xpath.html文件中的第一个div下的前3个a标签的文本及超链接
使用xpath结构化提取,打印输出
四、requests模块和lxml&xpath结合提取数据
结合上节课requests模块知识,将阳光电影网导航栏的文本及超链接结构化提取

def clean_data(element_result):
    return str(element_result).replace(" ", "").replace("\n", "").replace("\r", "")


def print_data(elements):
    for element in elements:
        data = clean_data(element)
        if len(data):
            print(data)


with open("xpath.html", "r", encoding="utf-8") as html_file:
    html_str = html_file.read()

selector = etree.HTML(html_str)
div_elements = selector.xpath("//div/text()")
print_data(div_elements)

ul_elements = selector.xpath("//ul/text()")
print_data(ul_elements)

filter_elements = selector.xpath("//div[1]//a[position()<4]/@href|//div[1]//a[position()<4]/text()")
print_data(filter_elements)

url = "http://www.ygdy8.com/"
header_str = '''
Accept:text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Encoding:gzip, deflate
Accept-Language:zh-CN,zh;q=0.8
Cache-Control:max-age=0
Cookie:37cs_pidx=1; 37cs_user=37cs96544059545; UM_distinctid=160e80f56031c9-0c9b01c124c227-6d1b117c-1fa400-160e80f5607f4; CNZZDATA5783118=cnzz_eid%3D2025418817-1515716500-null%26ntime%3D1515716500; 37cs_show=69; cscpvrich4016_fidx=1
Host:www.ygdy8.com
If-Modified-Since:Thu, 11 Jan 2018 15:12:16 GMT
If-None-Match:"0c8cb90ee8ad31:54c"
Proxy-Connection:keep-alive
Referer:https://www.google.co.uk/
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests:1
User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/61.0.3163.79 Safari/537.36
'''
header_list = header_str.strip().split('\n')
headers_dict = {x.split(':')[0]: x.split(':')[1] for x in header_list}
req = requests.get(url, headers_dict)
req.encoding = "gb2312"
selector = etree.HTML(req.text)
print(req.text)
data_elements = selector.xpath("//div[@id = 'menu']//a/@href|//div[@id = 'menu']//a/text()")
print_data(data_elements)
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