Peak Chapter8 2/2

Chapter8 What about natural talent?

1.unsettled

The issue had been rather unsettled.

释义:something such as a problem or argument that is unsettled has not been dealt with successfully
例:Some important issues remained unsettled after the peace talks.
造句:If you suspend the unsettled issues, it will cause more problems in the end.

2.interplay

The result from the chess study provide a crucial insight into the interplay between "talent" and practice in the development of various skill.

释义:the way in which two people or things affect each other:搭配interplay of例:the interplay of ideas
    搭配interplay between例: the interplay between military and civilian populations

造句:The interplay between property price and economy development is hard to tell.

3.confer

A high score doesn't confer any additional benefit.

释义: confer a title/degree/honour etc to officially give someone a title etc, especially as a reward for something they have achieved 同义:  bestow搭配confer a title/degree/honour etc on/upon
例:An honorary degree was conferred on him by the University.造句:His brave behaviour conferred hounour to him.

4.dud[dʌd]

But in reality, no one has figured out how to look at college football players and figure out which will be the best and which will be the duds.

释义:something that is useless, especially because it does not work correctly:

例:Several of the fireworks were duds.

可以用the best and the duds来表示有好有坏的对比关系。

造句:In schools,  whether a student is the best or the duds, is usually decideded only on scores.

其他表达

微弱的优势slight advantage
.比... 好/差 除了用比较级表示,还可以用outweigh或/dwarf代替

Thoughts
今天的内容说的是innate characteristic和self-fulfilling prophecy的作用。智商在刚开始学习一项技能时确实可以发挥作用,高智商的人能更快速的入门,且成绩更好。但是这种优势会随着其他人的刻苦练习而渐渐消失。这就是古人总结的“勤能补拙”

IQ was linked with greater chess skill in young players but not in adult tournament players and not in masters and grandmasters.

另外,那些一开始就有优势的人也许从长远看也未必是件好事。因为他可能觉得自己很轻松就能到达别人苦练才能达到的效果,所以,也许智商高,基因好,但没有正确的认知,也并不是一件好事吧。


有关自我实现预言,也许我们小时候因为他人不经意的一句:‘你没有数学天分。’而从此害怕数学。也可能因为某一次英语考的特别好,而觉得自己有天分,从此英语成绩一直拔尖。仔细回想一下,其实正是因为对自我的评价,我们才觉得自己能或者不能做一件事情。如果对自己有信心,就会花更多的时间去练习,最后获得好的成绩。所以,不要活在别人的评价里,要活在自我的认知力。

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