【iOS干货】:列表和网格视图的相互切换

96
LeeJay
2016.10.17 21:06* 字数 369

前言

在很多电商 app 中,都有列表视图和网格视图的相互切换。例如京东和淘宝。
先来看下效果图,下图为京东商城的截图。

列表视图

网格视图

很多人看到这个,第一眼想到的是用TableViewCollectionView来做切换,笔者刚开始也是认为这么做,后来发现还有一个非常的简单方法,就可以实现这个功能。

正文

  • 首先创建一个CollectionView
- (UICollectionView *)collectionView
{
    if (!_collectionView)
    {
        UICollectionViewFlowLayout *flowlayout = [[UICollectionViewFlowLayout alloc] init];
        //设置滚动方向
        [flowlayout setScrollDirection:UICollectionViewScrollDirectionVertical];
        //左右间距
        flowlayout.minimumInteritemSpacing = 2;
        //上下间距
        flowlayout.minimumLineSpacing = 2;
        _collectionView = [[UICollectionView alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(2 , 2 , self.view.bounds.size.width - 4, self.view.bounds.size.height - 4) collectionViewLayout:flowlayout];
        _collectionView.delegate = self;
        _collectionView.dataSource = self;
        _collectionView.showsVerticalScrollIndicator = NO;
        _collectionView.showsHorizontalScrollIndicator = NO;
        [_collectionView setBackgroundColor:[UIColor clearColor]];
        //注册cell
        [_collectionView registerClass:[GridListCollectionViewCell class] forCellWithReuseIdentifier:kCellIdentifier_CollectionViewCell];
    }
    return _collectionView;
}
  • 然后去京东商城抓取json数据,再去解析数据装入模型,objectWithDictionary:是将字典转化为模型,这个工具是我用** Runtime **写的,一行代码解析数据,具体使用方法可以参考我简书上另一篇文章【Objective-C中的Runtime】
- (void)viewDidLoad 
{
    [super viewDidLoad];
    // Do any additional setup after loading the view, typically from a nib.

    // 默认列表视图
    _isGrid = NO;

    NSString *path = [[NSBundle mainBundle] pathForResource:@"product" ofType:@"json"];
    NSData *data = [NSData dataWithContentsOfFile:path];
    NSDictionary *dict = [NSJSONSerialization JSONObjectWithData:data options:NSJSONReadingAllowFragments error:nil];

    [self.view addSubview:self.collectionView];

    NSArray *products = dict[@"wareInfo"];
    for (id obj in products) {
        [self.dataSource addObject:[GridListModel objectWithDictionary:obj]];
    }
}
  • 再去自定义CollectionViewCell,给cell添加一个属性isGrid,用来判断是列表还是格子视图。
    .h文件:
#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>

#define kCellIdentifier_CollectionViewCell @"GridListCollectionViewCell"

@class GridListModel;

@interface GridListCollectionViewCell : UICollectionViewCell

/**
 0:列表视图,1:格子视图
 */
@property (nonatomic, assign) BOOL isGrid;

@property (nonatomic, strong) GridListModel *model;

@end

.m文件

#import "GridListCollectionViewCell.h"
#import "GridListModel.h"
#import "UIImageView+WebCache.h"

#define ScreenWidth ([UIScreen mainScreen].bounds.size.width)

@interface GridListCollectionViewCell ()

@property (nonatomic, strong) UIImageView *imageV;
@property (nonatomic, strong) UILabel *titleLabel;
@property (nonatomic, strong) UILabel *priceLabel;

@end

@implementation GridListCollectionViewCell

- (instancetype)initWithFrame:(CGRect)frame
{
    self = [super initWithFrame:frame];
    if (self) {
        [self configureUI];
    }
    return self;
}

- (void)configureUI
{
    _imageV = [[UIImageView alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectZero];
    [self.contentView addSubview:_imageV];
    
    _titleLabel = [[UILabel alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectZero];
    _titleLabel.numberOfLines = 0;
    _titleLabel.font = [UIFont boldSystemFontOfSize:14];
    [self.contentView addSubview:_titleLabel];
    
    _priceLabel = [[UILabel alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectZero];
    _priceLabel.textColor = [UIColor redColor];
    _priceLabel.font = [UIFont systemFontOfSize:16];
    [self.contentView addSubview:_priceLabel];
}

- (void)setIsGrid:(BOOL)isGrid
{
    _isGrid = isGrid;
    
    if (isGrid) {
        _imageV.frame = CGRectMake(5, 5, self.bounds.size.width - 60, self.bounds.size.width - 60);
        _titleLabel.frame = CGRectMake(5, self.bounds.size.width - 45, ScreenWidth/2, 20);
        _priceLabel.frame = CGRectMake(5, self.bounds.size.width - 20, ScreenWidth/2, 20);
    } else {
        _imageV.frame = CGRectMake(5, 5, self.bounds.size.height - 10, self.bounds.size.height - 10);
        _titleLabel.frame = CGRectMake(self.bounds.size.height + 10, 0, ScreenWidth/2, self.bounds.size.height - 20);;
        _priceLabel.frame = CGRectMake(self.bounds.size.height + 10, self.bounds.size.height - 30, ScreenWidth/2, 20);;
    }
}

- (void)setModel:(GridListModel *)model
{
    _model = model;
    
    [_imageV sd_setImageWithURL:[NSURL URLWithString:model.imageurl]];
    _titleLabel.text = model.wname;
    _priceLabel.text = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"¥%.2f",model.jdPrice];
}

@end

  • 再添加一个切换视图的按钮,按钮的点击事件如下:
#pragma mark - Action

- (IBAction)onBtnClick:(id)sender
{
    _isGrid = !_isGrid;
    [self.collectionView reloadData];
    
    if (_isGrid) {
        [self.swithBtn setImage:[UIImage imageNamed:@"product_list_grid_btn"] forState:0];
    } else {
        [self.swithBtn setImage:[UIImage imageNamed:@"product_list_list_btn"] forState:0];
    }
}
  • 最后还要设置一下切换时的CollectionViewItemSize
- (CGSize)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout *)collectionViewLayout sizeForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
{
    if (_isGrid) {
        return CGSizeMake((ScreenWidth - 6) / 2, (ScreenWidth - 6) / 2 + 40);
    } else {
        return CGSizeMake(ScreenWidth - 4, (ScreenWidth - 6) / 4 + 20);
    }
}

这样子就大体实现了列表视图和网格视图的相互切换,是不是炒鸡简单。

Demo运行的效果图.gif

最后

由于笔者水平有限,文中如果有错误的地方,还望大神指出。或者有更好的方法和建议,我们可以一起交流。
附上本文的 demo 下载链接【GitHub】,配合 demo 一起看文章,效果会更佳。
如果你看完后觉得对你有所帮助,还望在 GitHub 上点个 star。赠人玫瑰,手有余香。

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