修改ubuntu 18.04的sources.list源为阿里或清华镜像

2018-11-24 By Stone_Hou

1. 备份源列表

Ubuntu缺省的配置的源并不是国内的服务器,下载更新软件都比较慢,本文介绍如何设置源列表,选择比较快的源以节省下载时间。

# 首先备份源列表
sudo cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list_backup

2. 打开sources.list文件修改

选择合适的源,替换原文件的内容,保存编辑好的文件, 以阿里云更新服务器为例(从实际测试上结果分析,个人认为阿里云比网易和搜狐的服务器要快):

sudo vim /etc/apt/sources.list

3. 阿里云镜像源-清华镜像源

注意根据具体使用的Ubuntu的版本不同,将文本中trusty替换为下面对应版本的字符串:

版本 版本号 代号
Lucid(10.04) 10.04 lucid
Precise(12.04): precise 12.04 precise
Trusty(14.04): trusty 14.04 trusty
Utopic(14.10): utopic 14.10 utopic
Ubuntu 16.04 TLS: xenial 16.04 xenial
Ubuntu 18.04 TLS: bionic 18.04 bionic

Ubuntu 18.04 TLS版本阿里云镜像源:

# https://opsx.alibaba.com/mirror
deb https://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse 
deb https://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse 
deb https://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse 
deb https://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse 
deb https://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse 

# 仿照清华镜像源,注释了源码镜像以提高 apt update 速度,如有需要可自行取消注释
# deb-src https://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted universe multiverse 
# deb-src https://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse 
# deb-src https://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse 
# deb-src https://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-proposed main restricted universe multiverse 
# deb-src https://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse

Ubuntu 18.04 TLS版本清华镜像源:

# https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/help/ubuntu/
# 默认注释了源码镜像以提高 apt update 速度,如有需要可自行取消注释
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse

# 预发布软件源,不建议启用
# deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

4. 刷新列表,一定要执行刷新

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install build-essential

5. 参考

  1. 修改ubuntu的sources.list源-http://blog.csdn.net/u010053463/article/details/49300625

  2. 修改ubuntu的sources.list源-https://blog.csdn.net/wang725/article/details/79902004

  3. 如何修改Ubuntu的源列表(source list)-https://blog.csdn.net/jinguangliu/article/details/46539639

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