Hexo-完全免费全平台搭建个人博客(2)-域名主题设置

该文章属于<简书 — Timhbw>原创,转载请注明: <简书社区 — Timhbw>http://www.jianshu.com/p/0e5ab427c03e

上一篇文章把 Hexo 博客整体搭建一遍了,能通过 xxxxx.github.io 访问,主题也换了一个比较赏心悦目的 NexT,接下来我们在个性化设置下,更加人性化。

教程分为四大部分:

  1. Hexo 设置个性域名
  2. Hexo NexT 主题设置
  3. 一些常见的问题

1.Hexo 设置个性域名

  • 首先打开电脑终端,输入npm install hexo-generator-cname --save ,安装 CNAME 工具后,会在发布的时候自动添加 CNAME 文件,里面也会自动填写域名,不过目前里面的内容是xxxxx.github.io。

  • 登陆 GitHub,然后点击进入你博客的仓库,然后 Settings-GitHub Pages-Custom domain,里面填上你的需要绑定的域名。如果还没有域名的话,域名购买只需要几十元即可,可以参考文章:小白搭建博客教程-购买域名(1)了解域名购买相关知识,然后参考小白搭建博客教程-域名解析(3)了解相关的解析知识。

hexo36.png
hexo37.png
hexo38.png
  • 下面是域名解析部分,只需要 CNAME 即可:
hexo39.png

设置完毕后,执行下hexo clean && hexo g && hexo d 重新生成静态文件部署,然后访问自己购买绑定的域名就可以了,我的是http://github.huangbowei.com

2.Hexo NexT 主题设置

这里贴出我的博客_config.yml 文件与主题_config.yml 文件:

博客配置文件:
# Hexo Configuration
## Docs: https://hexo.io/docs/configuration.html
## Source: https://github.com/hexojs/hexo/

# Site
title: Tim博客 #网站标题
subtitle: 不忘初心,方得始终 #网站副标题
description: 自学iOS开发进阶博客,分享高质量的iOS开发技术。 #网站描述
author: Timhbw #您的名字
language: zh-Hans #网站使用的语言
timezone: UTC #网站时区。Hexo 默认使用您电脑的时区。
avatar: /images/avatar.png 

# URL
## If your site is put in a subdirectory, set url as 'http://yoursite.com/child' and root as '/child/'
url: https://github.huangbowei.com #网址
root: /  #网站根目录
permalink: :year/:month/:day/:title/ #文章的 永久链接 格式
permalink_defaults: #永久链接中各部分的默认值

# Directory
source_dir: source #资源文件夹,这个文件夹用来存放内容。
public_dir: public #公共文件夹,这个文件夹用于存放生成的站点文件。
tag_dir: tags #标签文件夹
archive_dir: archives #归档文件夹
category_dir: categories #分类文件夹
code_dir: downloads/code #Include code 文件夹
i18n_dir: :lang #国际化(i18n)文件夹
skip_render: #跳过指定文件的渲染,您可使用 <a href="https://github.com/isaacs/node-glob" target="_blank" rel="external">glob 表达式</a>来匹配路径。
- README.md

# Writing
new_post_name: :title.md #新文章的文件名称
default_layout: post #预设布局
auto_spacing: true #在中文和英文之间加入空格
titlecase: false #把标题转换为 title case
external_link: true #在新标签中打开链接
filename_case: 0 #把文件名称转换为 (1) 小写或 (2) 大写
render_drafts: false #显示草稿
post_asset_folder: false #启动 <a href="https://hexo.io/zh-cn/docs/asset-folders.html">Asset 文件夹</a>
relative_link: false #把链接改为与根目录的相对位址
future: true #显示未来的文章
highlight: #代码块的设置
  enable: true
  line_number: true
  auto_detect: false
  tab_replace:

# Category & Tag
default_category: ios #默认分类
category_map: ios #分类别名
tag_map: ios #标签别名

# Date / Time format
## Hexo uses Moment.js to parse and display date
## You can customize the date format as defined in
## http://momentjs.com/docs/#/displaying/format/
date_format: YYYY-MM-DD #日期格式
time_format: HH:mm:ss  #时间格式

# Pagination
## Set per_page to 0 to disable pagination
per_page: 10 #每页显示的文章量 (0 = 关闭分页功能)
pagination_dir: page #分页目录

# Extensions
## Plugins: https://hexo.io/plugins/
## Themes: https://hexo.io/themes/
theme: next #当前主题名称。值为<code>false</code>时禁用主题

# Deployment
## Docs: https://hexo.io/docs/deployment.html
deploy: 
  type: git #用 Git 发布
  repo: https://github.com/Timhbw/timhbw.github.io.git #刚刚在 Github 上创建的仓库的地址
  branch: master
  plugins: -hexo-generator-cname

# 百度分享服务
baidushare: true

# JiaThis 分享服务
jiathis: true

search:
  path: search.xml
  field: post
  format: html
  limit: 10000

# Extensions
Plugins:
- hexo-generator-feed
- hexo-generator-sitemap

#Feed Atom
feed:
  type: atom
  path: atom.xml
  limit: 20

#sitemap
sitemap:
  path: sitemap.xml

主题配置文件:

# ---------------------------------------------------------------
# Site Information Settings
# ---------------------------------------------------------------

# Put your favicon.ico into `hexo-site/source/` directory.
favicon: /favicon.ico

# Set default keywords (Use a comma to separate)
keywords: "ios开发,objective-c教程,swift 教程, xcode 教程,网站建设,tim的博客,timblog, tim,tim博客"

# Set rss to false to disable feed link.
# Leave rss as empty to use site's feed link.
# Set rss to specific value if you have burned your feed already.
rss:

# Specify the date when the site was setup
#since: 2015

# icon between year and author @Footer
authoricon: heart

# Footer `powered-by` and `theme-info` copyright
copyright: true

# Canonical, set a canonical link tag in your hexo, you could use it for your SEO of blog.
# See: https://support.google.com/webmasters/answer/139066
# Tips: Before you open this tag, remember set up your URL in hexo _config.yml ( ex. url: http://yourdomain.com )
canonical: true

# Change headers hierarchy on site-subtitle (will be main site description) and on all post/pages titles for better SEO-optimization.
seo: false

# ---------------------------------------------------------------
# Menu Settings
# ---------------------------------------------------------------

# When running the site in a subdirectory (e.g. domain.tld/blog), remove the leading slash (/archives -> archives)
menu:
  home: /
  tags: /tags
  categories: /categories
  archives: /archives
  about: /about
  sitemap: /sitemap.xml
  commonweal: /404.html

# Enable/Disable menu icons.
# Icon Mapping:
#   Map a menu item to a specific FontAwesome icon name.
#   Key is the name of menu item and value is the name of FontAwesome icon. Key is case-senstive.
#   When an question mask icon presenting up means that the item has no mapping icon.
menu_icons:
  enable: true
  #KeyMapsToMenuItemKey: NameOfTheIconFromFontAwesome
  home: home
  about: user
  categories: th
  schedule: calendar
  tags: tags
  archives: archive
  sitemap: sitemap
  commonweal: heartbeat

# ---------------------------------------------------------------
# Scheme Settings
# ---------------------------------------------------------------

# Schemes
#scheme: Muse
#scheme: Mist
scheme: Pisces

# ---------------------------------------------------------------
# Font Settings
# - Find fonts on Google Fonts (https://www.google.com/fonts)
# - All fonts set here will have the following styles:
#     light, light italic, normal, normal italic, bold, bold italic
# - Be aware that setting too much fonts will cause site running slowly
# - Introduce in 5.0.1
# ---------------------------------------------------------------
font:
  enable: true

  # Uri of fonts host. E.g. //fonts.googleapis.com (Default)
  host:

  # Global font settings used on <body> element.
  global:
    # external: true will load this font family from host.
    external: true
    family: Lato

  # Font settings for Headlines (h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6)
  # Fallback to `global` font settings.
  headings:
    external: true
    family:

  # Font settings for posts
  # Fallback to `global` font settings.
  posts:
    external: true
    family:

  # Font settings for Logo
  # Fallback to `global` font settings.
  # The `size` option use `px` as unit
  logo:
    external: true
    family:
    size:

  # Font settings for <code> and code blocks.
  codes:
    external: true
    family:
    size:

# ---------------------------------------------------------------
# Sidebar Settings
# ---------------------------------------------------------------

# Social Links
# Key is the link label showing to end users.
# Value is the target link (E.g. GitHub: https://github.com/iissnan)
social:
  GitHub: https://github.com/timhbw
  微博: http://weibo.com/huangboweicom

# Social Links Icons
# Icon Mapping:
#   Map a menu item to a specific FontAwesome icon name.
#   Key is the name of the item and value is the name of FontAwesome icon. Key is case-senstive.
#   When an globe mask icon presenting up means that the item has no mapping icon.
social_icons:
  enable: true
  # Icon Mappings.
  # KeyMapsToSocialItemKey: NameOfTheIconFromFontAwesome
  GitHub: github
  #Twitter: twitter
  Weibo: weibo

# Sidebar Avatar
# in theme directory(source/images): /images/avatar.jpg
# in site  directory(source/uploads): /uploads/avatar.jpg
#avatar:

# Table Of Contents in the Sidebar
toc:
  enable: true

  # Automatically add list number to toc.
  number: true

# Creative Commons 4.0 International License.
# http://creativecommons.org/
# Available: by | by-nc | by-nc-nd | by-nc-sa | by-nd | by-sa | zero
#creative_commons: by-nc-sa
#creative_commons:

sidebar:
  # Sidebar Position, available value: left | right
  #position: left
  position: right

  # Sidebar Display, available value:
  #  - post    expand on posts automatically. Default.
  #  - always  expand for all pages automatically
  #  - hide    expand only when click on the sidebar toggle icon.
  #  - remove  Totally remove sidebar including sidebar toggle.
  display: post
  #display: always
  #display: hide
  #display: remove

  # Sidebar offset from top menubar in pixels.
  offset: 12
  offset_float: 0

  # Back to top in sidebar
  b2t: false

  # Scroll percent label in b2t button
  scrollpercent: false

# Blog rolls
#links_title: Links
#links_layout: block
#links_layout: inline
#links:
  #Title: http://example.com/

# ---------------------------------------------------------------
# Post Settings
# ---------------------------------------------------------------

# Automatically scroll page to section which is under <!-- more --> mark.
scroll_to_more: true

# Automatically excerpt description in homepage as preamble text.
excerpt_description: true

# Automatically Excerpt. Not recommend.
# Please use <!-- more --> in the post to control excerpt accurately.
auto_excerpt:
  enable: true
  length: 150

# Post meta display settings
post_meta:
  item_text: true
  created_at: true
  updated_at: false
  categories: true

# Post wordcount display settings
# Dependencies: https://github.com/willin/hexo-wordcount
post_wordcount:
  item_text: true
  wordcount: true
  min2read: true

# Wechat Subscriber
#wechat_subscriber:
  enabled: true
  qcode: /uploads/wechat-qcode.jpg
  description: 欢迎您扫一扫上面的微信号,与我交流!

# ---------------------------------------------------------------
# Misc Theme Settings
# ---------------------------------------------------------------

# Custom Logo.
# !!Only available for Default Scheme currently.
# Options:
#   enabled: [true/false] - Replace with specific image
#   image: url-of-image   - Images's url
custom_logo:
  enabled: false
  image:

# Code Highlight theme
# Available value:
#    normal | night | night eighties | night blue | night bright
# https://github.com/chriskempson/tomorrow-theme
highlight_theme: night

# ---------------------------------------------------------------
# Third Party Services Settings
# ---------------------------------------------------------------

# MathJax Support
mathjax:
  enable: false
  per_page: false
  cdn: //cdn.mathjax.org/mathjax/latest/MathJax.js?config=TeX-AMS-MML_HTMLorMML

# Swiftype Search API Key
#swiftype_key:

# Baidu Analytics ID
#baidu_analytics:

# Duoshuo ShortName
duoshuo_shortname: githubhuangbowei

# Disqus
#disqus_shortname:

# Hypercomments
#hypercomments_id:

# Gentie productKey
#gentie_productKey:

# Support for youyan comments system.
# You can get your uid from http://www.uyan.cc
#youyan_uid: your uid

# Support for LiveRe comments system.
# You can get your uid from https://livere.com/insight/myCode (General web site)
#livere_uid: your uid

# Baidu Share
# Available value:
#    button | slide
# Warning: Baidu Share does not support https.
#baidushare:
##  type: button

# Share
#jiathis:
# Warning: JiaThis does not support https.
#add_this_id:

# Share
#duoshuo_share: true

# Google Webmaster tools verification setting
# See: https://www.google.com/webmasters/
#google_site_verification:

# Google Analytics
#google_analytics:

# Yandex Webmaster tools verification setting
# See: https://webmaster.yandex.ru/
#yandex_site_verification:

# CNZZ count
#cnzz_siteid:

# Application Insights
# See https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/services/application-insights/
# application_insights:

# Make duoshuo show UA
# user_id must NOT be null when admin_enable is true!
# you can visit http://dev.duoshuo.com get duoshuo user id.
duoshuo_info:
  ua_enable: true
  admin_enable: true
  user_id: xxxxxxxxxxx #填写自己的多说 id
  admin_nickname: timhbw博主

# Facebook SDK Support.
# https://github.com/iissnan/hexo-theme-next/pull/410
facebook_sdk:
  enable: false
  app_id:       #<app_id>
  fb_admin:     #<user_id>
  like_button:  #true
  webmaster:    #true

# Facebook comments plugin
# This plugin depends on Facebook SDK.
# If facebook_sdk.enable is false, Facebook comments plugin is unavailable.
facebook_comments_plugin:
  enable: false
  num_of_posts: 10  # min posts num is 1
  width: 100%       # default width is 550px
  scheme: light     # default scheme is light (light or dark)

# VKontakte API Support.
# To get your AppID visit https://vk.com/editapp?act=create
vkontakte_api:
  enable: false
  app_id:       #<app_id>
  like:         true
  comments:     true
  num_of_posts: 10

# Show number of visitors to each article.
# You can visit https://leancloud.cn get AppID and AppKey.
leancloud_visitors:
  enable: false
  app_id: #<app_id>
  app_key: #<app_key>

# Show PV/UV of the website/page with busuanzi.
# Get more information on http://ibruce.info/2015/04/04/busuanzi/
busuanzi_count:
  # count values only if the other configs are false
  enable: true
  # custom uv span for the whole site
  site_uv: true
  site_uv_header: <i class="fa fa-user"></i>
  site_uv_footer: 人次
  # custom pv span for the whole site
  site_pv: true
  site_pv_header: <i class="fa fa-eye"></i>
  site_pv_footer: 次
  # custom pv span for one page only
  page_pv: true
  page_pv_header: <i class="fa fa-file-o"></i>
  page_pv_footer: 次

# Tencent analytics ID
# tencent_analytics:

# Tencent MTA ID
# tencent_mta:

# Enable baidu push so that the blog will push the url to baidu automatically which is very helpful for SEO
baidu_push: false

# Google Calendar
# Share your recent schedule to others via calendar page
#
# API Documentation:
# https://developers.google.com/google-apps/calendar/v3/reference/events/list
calendar:
  enable: false
  calendar_id: <required>
  api_key: <required>
  orderBy: startTime
  offsetMax: 24
  offsetMin: 4
  timeZone:
  showDeleted: false
  singleEvents: true
  maxResults: 250

# Algolia Search
algolia_search:
  enable: false
  hits:
    per_page: 10
  labels:
    input_placeholder: Search for Posts
    hits_empty: "We didn't find any results for the search: ${query}"
    hits_stats: "${hits} results found in ${time} ms"

# Local search
local_search:
  enable: true

# External URL with BASE64 encrypt & decrypt
# Usage: {% exturl text url "title" %}
# Alias: {% extlink text url "title" %}
exturl: false

#! ---------------------------------------------------------------
#! DO NOT EDIT THE FOLLOWING SETTINGS
#! UNLESS YOU KNOW WHAT YOU ARE DOING
#! ---------------------------------------------------------------

# Motion
use_motion: true

# Fancybox
fancybox: true

# Canvas-nest
canvas_nest: false

# Script Vendors.
# Set a CDN address for the vendor you want to customize.
# For example
#    jquery: https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.2.0/jquery.min.js
# Be aware that you should use the same version as internal ones to avoid potential problems.
# Please use the https protocol of CDN files when you enable https on your site.
vendors:
  # Internal path prefix. Please do not edit it.
  _internal: lib

  # Internal version: 2.1.3
  jquery:

  # Internal version: 2.1.5
  # See: http://fancyapps.com/fancybox/
  fancybox:
  fancybox_css:

  # Internal version: 1.0.6
  # See: https://github.com/ftlabs/fastclick
  fastclick:

  # Internal version: 1.9.7
  # See: https://github.com/tuupola/jquery_lazyload
  lazyload:

  # Internal version: 1.2.1
  # See: http://VelocityJS.org
  velocity:

  # Internal version: 1.2.1
  # See: http://VelocityJS.org
  velocity_ui:

  # Internal version: 0.7.9
  # See: https://faisalman.github.io/ua-parser-js/
  ua_parser:

  # Internal version: 4.6.2
  # See: http://fontawesome.io/
  fontawesome:

  # Internal version: 1
  # https://www.algolia.com
  algolia_instant_js:
  algolia_instant_css:

  # Internal version: 1.0.0
  # https://github.com/hustcc/canvas-nest.js
  canvas_nest:

# Assets
css: css
js: js
images: images

# Theme version
version: 5.1.0

# website start
since: 2015

duoshuo_hotartical: true

3.一些常见的问题

3.1.不能上传 README.md 文件

GitHub 不能上传 README.md 文件,对于强迫症患者来说,这是不能接受的,如果按普通做法的话,当你生成静态文件然后上传的时候,hexo 会自动把README.md渲染成README.html,内容也变了,就因为这个,差点重装用另一种方法。但是经过一番摸索,搞定,下面是方法:

  • 在博客目录下的 source 文件夹下新建README.md 文件:
hexo40.png
  • 然后修改博客的_config.yml ,29行左右修改为:
skip_render: 
- README.md
  • 然后执行hexo clean && hexo g && hexo d ,再去 GitHub 上看,会发现久违的 README.md 文件出现了,这才完整,赏心悦目。
hexo41.png

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