nodeMCU+树莓派+阿里云IOT实现局域网温湿度数据采集

一、功能说明

  1. 使用nodeMCU + DHT11 自动采集温湿度数据,采用JSON格式
  2. 上传温湿度数据到局域网的树莓派
  3. 树莓派接收JSON数据,存入数据库,上传阿里云IOT

功能花里胡哨不是特别实用,2020年课设闲的无聊做的一个玩意,有些内容太久远了忘记了,想起来再添加吧

二、电路设计

1.nodeMCU与DHT11

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2.实物

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三、Arduino添加对ESP8266的支持

  1. 在文件->首选项->附加开发板管理器网站添加:

http://arduino.esp8266.com/stable/package_esp8266com_index.json

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  1. 打开工具->开发板->开发板管理器

  2. 等待开发板管理器启动完成后,移动到开发板管理器的最下方,可以看到一个esp8266 by esp8266 Community,右下角有个选择版本,选好2.0.0之后点击安装。

4.工具->开发板->Esp8266Module
选择nodeMCU1.0


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四、nodeMCU代码

// Import required libraries
#include "ESP8266WiFi.h"
#include <aREST.h>
#include "DHT.h"

// DHT11 sensor pins
#define DHTPIN 5
#define DHTTYPE DHT11

// The port to listen for incoming TCP connections 
#define LISTEN_PORT 80

// WiFi parameters
const char* ssid = "Wifi_Name";
const char* password = "Wifi_Passwd";

// Variables to be exposed to the API
float temperature;
float humidity;

//int id for trans to String and number the data 
int id = 0;

// Create aREST instance
aREST rest = aREST();

// Initialize DHT sensor
DHT dht(DHTPIN, DHTTYPE, 15);

// Create an instance of the server
WiFiServer server(LISTEN_PORT);

void setup(void)
{  
  // Start Serial
  Serial.begin(115200);
  
  // Init DHT 
  dht.begin();
  
  // Init variables and expose them to REST API
  rest.variable("temperature",&temperature);
  rest.variable("humidity",&humidity);
    
  // Set device name
  rest.set_name("esp8266");
  
  // Connect to WiFi
  WiFi.begin(ssid, password);
  while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
    delay(500);
    Serial.print(".");
  }
  Serial.println("");
  Serial.println("WiFi connected");
 
  // Start the server
  server.begin();
  Serial.println("Server started");

}

void loop() {
  
  //Number the data from no.0 begin
  //set_id is const String.Using force format
  //id -> int
  //id_str -> String
  String id_str = (String) id;
  id = id + 1;
  rest.set_id(id_str);
  
  // Reading temperature and humidity
  humidity = dht.readHumidity();
  temperature = dht.readTemperature();

  //Print the Data
  Serial.println("=======================================");
  Serial.print("This is No.");
  Serial.print(id_str);
  Serial.println("data");
  Serial.print("temperature is :");
  Serial.print(temperature);
  Serial.print("℃");
  Serial.print("  ");
  Serial.print("humidity is :");
  Serial.print(humidity);  
  Serial.println("H");
  Serial.print("API IP is :");
  Serial.println(WiFi.localIP());
  Serial.println("=======================================");
  Serial.println("\n");
  //delay nearly 1 second
  delay(1000);
  
  // Handle REST calls
  WiFiClient client = server.available();
  if (!client) {
    return;
  }
  while(!client.available()){
    delay(1);
  }
  rest.handle(client);
  
}

五、树莓派服务器端代码

#import libraries
import urllib.request
import json
import json.decoder
import datetime
import pymysql
import socket
import re
from linkkit import linkkit

#API IP
url_temp = 'http://ESP8266_IP/temperature'
url_hum = 'http://ESP8266_IP/humidity'
# http headers
firefox_headers = {'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0'}

#Ali JSON settings
lk = linkkit.LinkKit(
    host_name="cn-shanghai",
    product_key="",
    device_name="",
    device_secret="")

# ALI connect
lk.thing_setup("tsl.json")
lk.connect_async()


# http requeset and get data
# http Response is a Json and actually type is str
# turn it into dict and split the data.
# while insert into databases.if get No database error then create it.
# finally print the data 
while True:
    try:
        #Temp Request
        temp_request = urllib.request.Request(url_temp,headers = firefox_headers)
        temp_response = urllib.request.urlopen(temp_request,timeout=3)
        #Hum Request
        hum_request = urllib.request.Request(url_hum,headers = firefox_headers)
        hum_response = urllib.request.urlopen(hum_request,timeout=3)

        #Str DATA
        temp_response_str = temp_response.read().decode('utf-8')
        hum_response_str = hum_response.read().decode('utf-8')

    except socket.timeout:
        print("time out ! Please Check Connection")
        exit(1)

    #str->dict
    try:
        temp_response_dict = json.loads(temp_response_str)
        hum_response_dict = json.loads(hum_response_str)
    except json.decoder.JSONDecodeError:
        print("Get an Error while receving json data!")
        print("Please Check Connection")
        exit(1)

    #result data type<dict>
    temp_result = temp_response_dict['temperature']
    temp_id = temp_response_dict['id']
    hum_result = hum_response_dict['humidity']
    hum_id = hum_response_dict['id']
    time = datetime.datetime.now()

    # MysqlConnetcion
    try:
        conn = pymysql.connect(host='localhost',user='mysql_users',passwd='mysql_passwd',db='mysqldatabase',charset='utf8')
    except:
        print("Mysql Connection Error!Please Check Mysql")
        exit(1)

    cur = conn.cursor()

    sql_create_table = """
    CREATE TABLE dht11(
    TIME TIMESTAMP,
    TEMP_ID INT(10),
    TEMP_VALUE INT(10),
    HUM_ID INT(10),
    HUM_VALUE INT(10))
    """

    into = "INSERT INTO dht11(temp_id,temp_value,hum_id,hum_value,time) VALUES (%s,%s,%s,%s,%s)"
    values = (temp_id,temp_result,hum_id,hum_result,time)

    # excute mysql
    try:
        cur.execute(into,values)
    except:
        try:
            cur.execute(sql_create_table)
        finally:
            cur.execute(into,values)
        exit(1)

    conn.commit()
    conn.close()

    # update to ALI
    prop_data = {
        "CurrentTemperature":  round(temp_result, 2),
        "CurrentHumidity":  round(hum_result, 2)
    }
    try:
        rc, request_id = lk.thing_post_property(prop_data)
        print("===============================")
        print(time)
        print("Sending TO ALIIOT OK     Insert into databases OK")
        print("Temperature is:",temp_result,"   ","Humidity is:",hum_result)
        print("===============================")
        print("\n")
    except Exception as e:
        print('ERROR:', e)
        exit(1)

六、内容展示

  1. NodeMCU获取温湿度、IP地址,通过串口显示


    image.png
  2. 树莓派接收温湿度数据并插入数据库、上传阿里云IOT


    image.png

3.阿里云IOT数据


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4.树莓派本地Sql插入的数据


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