张培基散文——我的父母之乡(冰心)

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清晓的江头,

白雾茫茫

是江南天气,

雨儿来了——

我只知道有蔚蓝的海,

却原来还有碧绿的江,

这是我父母之乡!

《繁星156》

The River mouth at dawn,

Behind a white haze of mist.

'Tis southern climes, 

Behold, the rain is coming.

I've seen the blue sea all along,

Little aware of this green River.

O the land of my ancestors.——Sparkling Stars ,156

Behold

1. verb

If you behold someone or something, you see them.

[literary]

She looked into his eyes and beheld madness. [VERB noun]

He was a joy to behold. [VERB]

Synonyms: look at, see, view, eye 

2. convention

People used to say or write 'Behold' to draw people's attention to something.

[humorous , literary , old-fashioned]

Fear Not. Behold The Saviour.

Behold a series of thrilling photographs of Felix.

福建福州永远是我的故乡,虽然我不在那里生长,它是我的父母之乡!

Fuzhou of Fujian Province will always be my old home. Though I was brought up elsewhere, Fuzhou is nonetheless the land of my ancestors!

Nonetheless means the same as nevertheless.

You use nevertheless when saying something that contrasts with what has just been said.

Synonyms: even so, still, however, yet

[formal]

There was still a long way to go. Nonetheless, some progress had been made.

His face is serious but nonetheless very friendly.

到今日为止,我这一生中只回去过两次。第一次是1911年,是在冬季。从严冷枯黄的北方归来,看到展现在我眼前的青山碧水红花绿叶,使我惊讶而欢喜!我觉得我的生命的风帆,已从蔚蓝的海,驶进了碧绿的江。这天我们在闽江口从大船下到小船,驶到大桥头,来接我们的伯父堂兄们把我们包围了起来,他们用乡音和我的父母热烈地交谈。我的五岁的大弟弟悄悄地用山东话问我说:“他们怎么都会说福州话?”因为从来在我们姐弟心里,福州话是最难懂难说的!

As yet, I have been back to Fuzhou no more than twice in my lifetime. I made the first tripe in the winter of 1911. Returned from the bitter cold North with its drab and dried up vegetation, I was amazed and delighted when greeted by the charming scenery of sapphire mountains and emerald rivers as well as red flowers and green leaves. I felt the sailing boat of my life steering its way into the green River after leaving the blue sea behind. At the Minjiang River, we changed from the big ship to a small boat, which took us to Daqiaotou (Big Bridge), where we were met by Uncle and cousins. They gathered round us and talked warmly with my parents in the local dialect. Thereupon, my 5-year-old younger brother whispered in my ear with a Shandong accent, “How come they can all speak the Fuzhou dialect?” We had both thought that the Fuzhou dialect was indeed most difficult for anyone to learn.

drab

adjective

If you describe something as drab, you think that it is dull and boring to look at or experience.

Mary was wearing the same drab grey dress.

...his drab little office.

The rest of the day's activities often seemed drab or depressing.

Synonyms: dull, grey, gloomy, dismal

dry up  (使)干涸;讲不出话来

1. phrasal verb

If something dries up or if something dries it up, it loses all its moisture and becomes completely dry and shrivelled or hard.

As the day goes on, the pollen dries up and becomes hard. [VERB PREPOSITION]

Warm breezes from the South dried up the streets. [VERB PREPOSITION noun]

[Also VERB noun PREPOSITION]

dried-up  adjective

...a tuft or two of dried-up grass.

2. phrasal verb

If a river, lake, or well dries up, it becomes empty of water, usually because of hot weather and a lack of rain.

Reservoirs are drying up and farmers have begun to leave their land. [VERB PREPOSITION]

The fountain is reputed never to dry up. [VERB PREPOSITION]

dried-up  adjective

...a dried-up river bed.

3. phrasal verb

If a supply of something dries up, it stops.

Investment could dry up and that could cause the economy to falter. [VERB PREPOSITION]

Credit from foreign banks is drying up. [VERB PREPOSITION]

The company laid off 65,000 workers after commercial-jet orders dried up. [VERB PREPOSITION]

4. phrasal verb

If you dry up when you are speaking, you stop in the middle of what you were saying, because you cannot think what to say next.

If you ask her what she's good at she will dry up after two minutes. [VERB PREPOSITION]

sapphire  蓝宝石

emerald  绿宝石

steer  驶进 (船,车,飞机);引导,引领

(stɪəʳ  )

1. verb

When you steer a car, boat, or plane, you control it so that it goes in the direction that you want.

What is it like to steer a ship this size? [VERB noun]

When I was a kid, about six or seven, she would often let me steer the car along our driveway. [VERB noun preposition]

[Also VERB]

Synonyms: drive, control, direct, handle   More Synonyms of steer

2. verb

If you steer people towards a particular course of action or attitude, you try to lead them gently in that direction.

The new government is seen as one that will steer the country in the right direction. [VERB noun preposition]

I think you are perfectly correct in trying to steer your mother towards increased independence. [VERB noun preposition]

3. verb

If you steer someone in a particular direction, you guide them there.

Nick steered them into the nearest seats. [VERB noun preposition]

Synonyms: direct, lead, guide, conduct   More Synonyms of steer

4. verb

If you steer a particular course, you take a particular line of action.

Prime Minister Hun Sen has sought to steer a course between the two groups. [VERB noun preposition]

In nearly all these issues the British steered a middle course. [VERB noun]

5. countable noun

A steer is a bull that has been castrated.

这以后的一年多时间里,我们就过起了福州城市的生活。新年、元宵、端午、中秋……岁时节日,吃的玩的都是十分丰富而有趣。特别是灯节,那时我们家住在南后街,那里是灯市的街,元宵前后,“花市灯如昼”,灯影下人流潮涌,那光明绚丽的情景就说不尽了。

From then on, we lived an urban life for more than a year in Fuzhou. During such festivals as Lunar New Year, Lantern, Dragon Boat and Mid-Autumn, we all celebrated the festivities with plenty of food and fun. Particular mention, however, should be made of the Lantern Festival when Nanhoujie, the street known for its lantern fair and also the street where we lived, became as bright as broad daylight at night with myriads of lanterns and streams of spectators. The splendor and magnificence of the scene is beyond all description.

festivity  岁时节日

1. uncountable noun

Festivity is the celebration of something in a happy way.

There was a general air of festivity and abandon.

Synonyms: merrymaking, fun, pleasure, amusement   More Synonyms of festivity

2. countable noun [usually plural]

Festivities are events that are organized in order to celebrate something.

The festivities included a huge display of fireworks.

Synonyms: celebration, party, festival, entertainment

myriad

1. quantifier

A myriad or myriads of people or things is a very large number or great variety of them.

They face a myriad of problems bringing up children. [+ of]

These myriads of fish would be enough to keep any swimmer entranced for hours. [+ of]

2. adjective [ADJECTIVE noun]

Myriad means having a large number or great variety.

...British pop and culture in all its myriad forms.

...the myriad tiny animals and plants living in the ice.

Synonyms: innumerable, countless, untold, incalculable

spectator

A spectator is someone who watches something, especially a sporting event.

Thirty thousand spectators watched the final game.

Synonyms: onlooker, observer, viewer, witness

第二次回去,是在一九五六年,也是在冬季。那时还没有鹰厦铁路,我们人大代表团是从江西坐汽车进去的。一路上红土公路道滑如拭(“指道路平坦”),我还没有看见过土铺的公路,维修得这样平整的!这次我不但到了福州,还到了漳州、泉州、厦门、鼓浪屿……那是祖国的南疆了。在厦门前线,我还从望远镜里看见了金门岛上的行人和牛,看得很清楚……

I made the second visit in 1956, also in winter. As the Yingtan_Xiamen Railway had not yet been built, the NPC delegation, with myself as a member, had to go from Jiangxi Province by car. The highway from Jiangxi to Fuzhou, paved with red soil, was as smooth as a mirror(英文常用比喻). It was the most level soil-paved highway I had ever seen. This time I visited not only Fuzhou, but also Zhangzhou, Quanzhou, Xiamen and Gulangyu—the southern frontiers of our country. At the Xiamen seaside, I could see clearly through a telescope pedestrians and cows on the Quemoy Islands.

pave

verb [usually passive]

If a road or an area of ground has been paved, it has been covered with flat blocks of stone or concrete, so that it is suitable for walking or driving on.

The avenue had never been paved, and deep mud made it impassable in winter. [be VERB-ed]

Synonyms: cover, floor, surface, flag

*(Uband 词汇班)pave the way for sth

frontier

A frontier is a border between two countries.

[British]

It wasn't difficult then to cross the frontier.

REGIONAL NOTE:

in AM, usually use border

Synonyms: border, limit, edge, bound

回忆中的情景很多,在此就不一一描写了。总之,我很喜欢我的父母之乡。那边是南国风光,山是青的,水是绿的,小溪流更是清可见底!院里四季都有花开。水果是从枇杷、荔枝、龙眼,一直吃到福桔!对一个孩子来说,还有什么比这个更惬意的呢?

My experiences of this trip, however, are too numerous to be recounted one by one here. Anyway, I deeply love Fuzhou, my ancestral home. Over there we have the typical southern scenery with blue mountains, green waters, limpid brooks…! There in the courtyard we can always see some kind of flowers in full bloom throughout the year. Fruits ranging from loquats, lichees, longans to tangerines are in plenty. Is there anything more palatable to a little child than these fruits?

recount

青山绿水 blue mountains and green waters

limpid

1. adjective

If you say that something is limpid, you mean that it is very clear and transparent.

[literary]

...limpid blue eyes.

...limpid rock-pools.

Synonyms: clear, bright, pure, transparent

2. adjective

If you describe speech, writing, or music as limpid, you like it because it is clear, simple and flowing.

[literary , approval]

He thought the speech a model of its kind, limpid and unaffected.

Synonyms: understandable, clear, lucid, unambiguous

brook

1.countable noun

A brook is a small stream.

Synonyms: stream, burn [Scottish , Northern England] , rivulet, gill [dialect]   More Synonyms of brook

2. verb

If someone in a position of authority will brook no interference or opposition, they will not accept any interference or opposition from others.

She'd had a plan of action, one that would brook no interference. [VERB noun]

The army will brook no weakening of its power. [VERB noun]

Synonyms: tolerate, stand, allow, suffer

我在故乡走的地方不多,但古迹侨乡,到处可见,福建华侨,遍于天下。我所到过的亚、非、欧、美各国都见到辛苦创业的福建侨民,握手之余,情溢言表。在他们家里、店里,吃着福州菜,喝着茉莉花茶,使我觉得作为一个福建人是四海都有家的。

I did not visit all the local attractions in Fuzhou. Everywhere we could find historical relics as well as villages and towns inhabited by relatives of overseas Chinese. Fujianese expatriates are found all over the world. They have mostly started from scratch by the sweat of their brow. When I met some of them on my visits to Asian, African European and American countries, they all expressed warm feeling towards me while shaking my hands. As I ate Fuzhou food and sipped jasmine tea in their homes or shops, I felt that being a Fujianese, I could make myself at home wherever I travelled in the world.

expatriate

An expatriate is someone who is living in a country which is not their own.

...British expatriates in Spain.

Synonyms: exile, refugee, emigrant, émigré   More Synonyms of expatriate

Expatriate is also an adjective.

白手起家 to start from scratch

靠自己的辛勤劳动 by the sweat of one's brow(额头 )

我的父母之乡是可爱的。有人从故乡来,或是有朋友新近到福建去过,我都向他们问起福建的近况。他们说:福建比起二十多年前来,进步得不可辨认了。最近呢,农业科学化了,又在植树造林,山岭田地更加郁郁葱葱了。他们都动员我回去看看,我又何尝不想呢?不但我想,在全世界的天涯海角,更不知有多少人在想!我愿和故乡的人,以及普天下的福建侨民,一同在精神和物质文明方面,把故乡建设得更美好!

My ancestral home is so endearing. Whenever I meet somebody hailing from Fuzhou or a friend who has recently been there, I always inquire of them about the present conditions of Fujian. They all tell me that compared with two decades ago, Fujian has made so much progress that it is now almost beyond recognition. Recently I have learned that people there have gone in for scientific farming and afforestation so that green and luxuriant vegetation has appeared on all mountains and fields. People have been advising me to pay another visit to my old home. Yes, I am more than eager to do so. And so are my numerous fellow townsmen in all corners of the world. I hope that together with all the people in my home town as well as all overseas Chinese from Fujian, I can do my bit to make a still better place of my ancestral home, both materially and culturally.

endearing

adj. 可爱的;讨人喜欢的;引起爱情的

例句:

1. I come here, as an (humorously) "endearing" personality, with characteristics to which I hope you can relate.

我到这里来,作为一个(幽默地)“可爱的”人格,具有我希望你们能理解的个性。

2. She recommends adhering to company policies and endearing yourself to your boss before asking for flexibility.

她建议人们要遵守公司制度,并且去获得老板的赏识,然后再要求灵活性

hail

1. verb [usually passive  ]    赞赏

If a person, event, or achievement is hailed as important or successful, they are praised publicly.

Faulkner has been hailed as the greatest American novelist of his generation. [be VERB-ed + as]

U.S. magazines hailed her as the greatest rock'n'roll singer in the world. [VERB noun + as]

The deal was hailed by the Defence Secretary. [be VERB-ed]

[Also be V-ed n]

Synonyms: acclaim, honour, acknowledge, cheer   More Synonyms of hail

2. uncountable noun  冰雹

Hail consists of small balls of ice that fall like rain from the sky.

...a sharp short-lived storm with heavy hail.

Synonyms: hailstones, sleet, hailstorm, frozen rain   More Synonyms of hail

3. verb  下冰雹

When it hails, hail falls like rain from the sky.

It started to hail, huge great stones. [VERB]

Synonyms: rain, shower, pelt   More Synonyms of hail

4. singular noun     一连串

A hail of things, usually small objects, is a large number of them that hit you at the same time and with great force.

The victim was hit by a hail of bullets. [+ of]

The riot police were met with a hail of stones and petrol bombs.

Synonyms: shower, rain, storm, battery   More Synonyms of hail

5. verb  来自

Someone who hail  s from a particular place was born there or lives there.

[formal]

I hail from Brighton. [VERB + from]

The band hail from Glasgow. [VERB from noun]

6. verb

If someone or something hails from a particular background, they come from it.

[formal]

He hails from an affluent background. [VERB from noun]

This is a film which seems to hail from the hippie era. [VERB from noun]

7. verb  联系,打电话

If you hail someone, you call to them.

[literary]

Jill saw him and hailed him. [VERB noun]

Suddenly, a voice hailed us and there was Miss Quigley. [VERB noun]

Synonyms: salute, call, greet, address   

8. verb

If you hail a taxi, you wave at it in order to stop it because you want the driver to take you somewhere.

I hurried away to hail a taxi. [VERB noun]

Synonyms: flag down, summon, signal to, wave down   More Synonyms of hail

luxuriant

1. adjective [usually ADJECTIVE noun]

Luxuriant plants, trees, and gardens are large, healthy, and growing well.

There were two very large oak trees in front of our house with wide spreading branches and luxuriant foliage.

Synonyms: lush, rich, dense, abundant  

2. adjective

If you describe someone's hair as luxuriant, you mean that it is very thick and healthy.

Hair that's thick and luxuriant needs regular trimming.

致力于 go in for

尽自己一份力量 do one's  bit

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