用了五十年,才发现的社会学案例“瑕疵”

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以下的中文部分引用自一篇公众号文章:https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/7HUTbcuyzPhWOpUKTLDIPQ

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1964年,29岁的Kitty在位于纽约皇后区Kew Garden的家中被害,这一案件引起了广泛关注和热议,也许你也听说过关于此事的好几个版本。据《纽约时报》报道,有38个人从自家窗户看到了行凶过程,但只有一人报警,且报警时为时已晚。

这些年来,我多次描述这一令人震惊的案件,其他讲授类似课程的社会心理学家们也是如此,还有一些社会学家试图据此分析为什么目击者们会如此冷漠无情,竟然能眼睁睁地看着这样的犯罪行为发生,却无动于衷。

问题在于:标准版Kitty Genovese案件描述在某些关键细节上出了错。

Kitty的弟弟Bill Genovese,去年制作了一部名为《目击者》(The Witness)的纪录片。根据他在这部电影中所展示的实拍场景,并非所有旁观者都冷漠无情:一个目击者在窗口大声呵斥凶手,另一个目击者在Kitty离世时将其抱在怀中,也有其他目击者在此期间报了警。

那么,为什么五十多年来,社会学家们一直在不断复述这个故事的失实版本,并将其作为旁观者极端冷漠的典型案例?

暂且不论其他,这至少意味着,在不经意间,我们已经被“失实表述”混淆了视听。这种“失实表述”虽然部分真实,但已被歪曲,就像上述案件被报道歪曲了一样,因为报纸想激起人们愤慨、恐惧、憎恶等强烈的负面情绪。

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wiki百科对这个案例的描述

In 2015, Genovese's younger brother, Bill, said that the police were indeed summoned twice but did not respond because they believed it was a domestic dispute, and blamedThe New York Timesfor faulty reporting.[5]

Bill's 2015 filmThe Witness showed an interview with neighbor Sophia Farrar, who was around Kitty's age; Farrar said in the film that she ran down to the stairwell when she heard Kitty's screams and held her as she was dying. In 2016, another movie called simply '37' referring to the number of neighbors that heard or saw parts of the murder covered the incident.

After Moseley's death in 2016,The New York Timescalled their report "flawed", stating the article "grossly exaggerated the number of witnesses and what they had perceived".[3]

更多https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_of_Kitty_Genovese

以下为imdb网站上影片主页,可看介绍短片

http://www.imdb.com/title/tt3568002/

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