fastlane

fastlane运行所需要的环境:

OS X 10.9以上

Ruby 2.0 以上

Xcode

拥有一个开发者账号

因为fastlane其实是一个Ruby脚本的集合,你必须安装正确的Ruby版本。可用一下命令确认

安装

1、ruby -v查看ruby版本

2、然后检查Xcode命令行工具(CLT)是否安装。在终端中输入命令:

xcode-select --install

如果已经安装,则会报一下错误

xcode-select: error: command line tools are already installed, use "Software Update" to install updates

如果没安装,终端会开始安装CLT。

3、通过rubygem安装fastlane

sudo gem install fastlane -v 2.57.2 --verbose

初始化

打开终端,cd到你的工程目录,然后执行fastlane init运行结果如下

fastlane init[15:35:29]:Seems like launching fastlane takes a while - please run[15:35:29]:[15:35:29]: $ [sudo] gem cleanup[15:35:29]:[15:35:29]: to uninstall outdated gems and make fastlane launch faster[15:35:29]:Alternatively it's recommended to start using a Gemfile to lock your dependencies[15:35:29]:To get started with a Gemfile, run[15:35:29]:[15:35:29]: $ bundle init[15:35:29]:$ echo 'gem "fastlane"' >> Gemfile[15:35:29]:$ bundle install[15:35:29]:[15:35:29]: After creating the Gemfile and Gemfile.lock, commit those files into version control[15:35:29]:Get started using a Gemfile for fastlane https://docs.fastlane.tools/getting-started/ios/setup/#use-a-gemfile[15:35:32]:Detected iOS/Mac project in current directory...[15:35:32]:This setup will help you get up and running in no time.[15:35:32]:fastlane will check what tools you're already using and set up[15:35:32]:the tool automatically for you. Have fun![15:35:32]:Created new folder './fastlane'.[15:35:32]:$ xcodebuild -list -project ./JenkinsDemo.xcodeproj2017-12-07 15:35:33.629 xcodebuild[39937:3765993] [MT] PluginLoading: Required plug-in compatibility UUID DF11C142-1584-4A99-87AC-1925D5F5652A for plug-in at path '~/Library/Application Support/Developer/Shared/Xcode/Plug-ins/FuzzyAutocomplete.xcplugin' not present in DVTPlugInCompatibilityUUIDs[15:35:34]:$ xcodebuild -showBuildSettings -scheme JenkinsDemo -project ./JenkinsDemo.xcodeproj2017-12-07 15:35:34.373 xcodebuild[39940:3766165] [MT] PluginLoading: Required plug-in compatibility UUID DF11C142-1584-4A99-87AC-1925D5F5652A for plug-in at path '~/Library/Application Support/Developer/Shared/Xcode/Plug-ins/FuzzyAutocomplete.xcplugin' not present in DVTPlugInCompatibilityUUIDs[15:35:35]:Your Apple ID (e.g. fastlane@krausefx.com):这里是你的Apple ID[15:35:49]:Verifying that app is available on the Apple Developer Portal and iTunes Connect...[15:35:49]:Starting login with user '这里是你的Apple ID'+----------------+--------------------------------------+|                    Detected Values                    |+----------------+--------------------------------------+| Apple ID      |这里是你的Apple ID                  || App Name      | JenkinsDemo                          || App Identifier | com.jenkin.Debug                    || Project        | /Users/xyj/Desktop/test/JenkinsDemo  ||                | .xcodeproj                          |+----------------+--------------------------------------+[15:36:00]:Please confirm the above values (y/n)y[15:36:11]:Created new file './fastlane/Appfile'. Edit it to manage your preferred app metadata information.[15:36:11]:Loading up 'deliver', this might take a few seconds[15:36:11]:Login to iTunes Connect (it_ios@ixinyongjia.com)[15:36:14]:Login successful+--------------------------------------+------------------------+|                    deliver 2.68.2 Summary                    |+--------------------------------------+------------------------+| run_precheck_before_submit          | false                  || screenshots_path                    | ./fastlane/screenshots || metadata_path                        | ./fastlane/metadata    || username                            |这里是你的Apple ID    || app_identifier                      | com.jenkin.Debug      || edit_live                            | false                  || platform                            | ios                    || skip_binary_upload                  | false                  || skip_screenshots                    | false                  || skip_metadata                        | false                  || skip_app_version_update              | false                  || force                                | false                  || submit_for_review                    | false                  || automatic_release                    | false                  || dev_portal_team_id                  | 99WG99HF75            || overwrite_screenshots                | false                  || precheck_default_rule_level          | warn                  || ignore_language_directory_validatio  | false                  || n                                    |                        || precheck_include_in_app_purchases    | true                  |+--------------------------------------+------------------------+[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/zh-Hans/description.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/zh-Hans/keywords.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/zh-Hans/release_notes.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/zh-Hans/support_url.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/zh-Hans/marketing_url.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/zh-Hans/promotional_text.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/zh-Hans/name.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/zh-Hans/subtitle.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/zh-Hans/privacy_url.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/copyright.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/primary_category.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/secondary_category.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/primary_first_sub_category.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/primary_second_sub_category.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/secondary_first_sub_category.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/secondary_second_sub_category.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/trade_representative_contact_information/trade_name.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/trade_representative_contact_information/address_line1.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/trade_representative_contact_information/city_name.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/trade_representative_contact_information/country.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/trade_representative_contact_information/postal_code.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/trade_representative_contact_information/is_displayed_on_app_store.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/review_information/first_name.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/review_information/last_name.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/review_information/phone_number.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/review_information/email_address.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/review_information/demo_user.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/review_information/demo_password.txt'[15:36:17]:Writing to './fastlane/metadata/review_information/notes.txt'[15:36:17]:Successfully created new configuration files.[15:36:17]:Downloading all existing screenshots...[15:36:19]:Successfully downloaded all existing screenshots[15:36:19]:Successfully created new Deliverfile at path './fastlane/Deliverfile'[15:36:19]:'snapshot' not enabled.[15:36:19]:'cocoapods' not enabled.[15:36:19]:'carthage' not enabled.[15:36:19]:Created new file './fastlane/Fastfile'. Edit it to manage your own deployment lanes.[15:36:19]:fastlane will collect the number of errors for each action to detect integration issues[15:36:19]:No sensitive/private information will be uploaded[15:36:19]:Learn more at https://github.com/fastlane/fastlane#metrics[15:36:19]:Successfully finished setting up fastlane

上述过程可能要输密码,将Apple ID的密码正确输入就可以了。

初始化完成之后,工程目录下就多了个fastlane文件夹,内容如下

这里肯定会被创建的是Appfile和Fastfile。如果Deliverfile,screenshots和metadata目录没被创建,可以运行deliver init来创建。

Appfile :用来存储一些公共信息,比如app_identifier、apple_id、team_id、itc_team_id等。

Fastfile:用来定义所有的lane任务 一开始的内容如下:

# Customize this file, documentation can be found here:# https://docs.fastlane.tools/actions/# All available actions: https://docs.fastlane.tools/actions# can also be listed using the `fastlane actions` command# Change the syntax highlighting to Ruby# All lines starting with a # are ignored when running `fastlane`# If you want to automatically update fastlane if a new version is available:#自动更新fastlane# update_fastlane# This is the minimum version number required.# Update this, if you use features of a newer version#需要的fastlane的最小版本,在每次执行之后会检查是否有新版本,如果有会在最后末尾追加新版本提醒fastlane_version"2.68.2"#默认使用平台是ios,也就是说可以定义多个平台default_platform:ios#执行所有的lane语句之前要做的事情,platform:iosdobefore_alldo#自定义变量# ENV["SLACK_URL"] = "https://hooks.slack.com/services/..."#是否使用cocoapods构建项目# cocoapods# carthageend#跑一遍测试desc"Runs all the tests"lane:testdorun_testsend#提交一个新的beta版本到Apple TestFlightdesc"Submit a new Beta Build to Apple TestFlight"desc"This will also make sure the profile is up to date"lane:betado# match(type: "appstore") # more information: https://codesigning.guidebuild_app(scheme:"JenkinsDemo")# more options availableupload_to_testflight# sh "your_script.sh"# You can also use other beta testing services here (run `fastlane actions`)end#部署一个新版本到App storedesc"Deploy a new version to the App Store"lane:releasedo# sync_code_signing(type: "appstore")capture_screenshots    build_app(scheme:"JenkinsDemo")# Build your app - more options availableupload_to_app_store(force:true)# frame_screenshotsend#你也可以定义自己的lane# You can define as many lanes as you want#执行lane之后的回调after_alldo|lane|# This block is called, only if the executed lane was successful# slack(#  message: "Successfully deployed new App Update."# )end#流程异常,结束流程并输出错误信息errordo|lane, exception|# slack(#  message: exception.message,#  success: false# )endend# More information about multiple platforms in fastlane: https://docs.fastlane.tools/advanced/#control-configuration-by-lane-and-by-platform# All available actions: https://docs.fastlane.tools/actions# fastlane reports which actions are used. No personal data is recorded.# Learn more at https://docs.fastlane.tools/#metrics

在 fastlane 这个大家庭中,主要但包括不尽于下列工具:

scan自动化测试工具,很好的封装了 Unit Test

sigh:创建、更新、下载和修复 provisioning profiles。

match同步团队每个人的证书和 Provision file 的超赞工具

cert:自动创建和维护 iOS 代码签名证书。

gym:创建和打包 iOS app。

deliver:上传屏幕截图、元数据和 App 到 App 商店。

produce:创建可用于 iTunes Connect 和 Apple Developer Portal 的 iOS app。

snapshot:自动将 App屏幕截图本地化到每种设备上。

frameit:将屏幕截图适配到适当的设备屏幕大小。

PEM:自动创建和更新 Push 通知的 profile。

fastlane 实战

一、打一个测试包,并上传到蒲公英交付测试.

1、创建一个匹配开发证书的lane

说明:其中一个lane就是一个任务,里面是一个个的action组成的工作流

打开fastlane文件夹下的Fastfile文件(最好用xcode打开)。

创建一个lane:格式如下

desc"匹配开发证书"lane :matchDevdomatch(type:"development", keychain_password:"git")end

说明:主要用到了match工具,其中type是指定环境,keychain_password,服务器钥匙串密码,match工具当然不止这些参数,想了解更多参数可以在终端执行fastlane action match,或者fastlane match --help来查看文档。

创建好了,在终端执行如下:

fastlane matchDev[17:55:34]: Get started using a Gemfile for fastlane https://docs.fastlane.tools/getting-started/ios/setup/#use-a-gemfile[17:55:38]: -------------------------------------------------[17:55:38]: --- Step: Verifying required fastlane version ---[17:55:38]: -------------------------------------------------[17:55:38]: Your fastlane version 2.68.2 matches the minimum requirement of 2.68.2✅[17:55:38]: ------------------------------[17:55:38]: --- Step: default_platform ---[17:55:38]: ------------------------------[17:55:38]: Driving the lane 'ios matchDev'🚀[17:55:38]: -------------------[17:55:38]: --- Step: match ---[17:55:38]: -------------------+-----------------------+------------------------+|Summary for match 2.68.2|+-----------------------+------------------------+|type|development||keychain_password|********||git_branch|master||app_identifier|com.jenkin.Debug||username|这里显示的是开发者账号||keychain_name|login.keychain||readonly|false||team_id|99WG99HF75||verbose|false||force|false||skip_confirmation|false||shallow_clone|false||clone_branch_directly|false||force_for_new_devices|false||skip_docs|false||platform|ios|+-----------------------+------------------------+[17:55:38]: To not be asked about this value, you can specify it using 'git_url'[17:55:38]: URL to the git repo containing all the certificates: git@172.16.11.154:repositories/test.git[17:57:00]: Cloning remote git repo...[17:57:00]: If cloning the repo takes too long, you can use the `clone_branch_directly` option in match.[17:57:00]:🔓Successfully decrypted certificates repo[17:57:00]: Verifying that the certificate and profile are still valid on the Dev Portal...[17:57:05]: Couldn't find a valid code signing identity in the git repo for development... creating one for you now+-------------------+------------------------------------------------+|Summary for cert 2.68.2|+-------------------+------------------------------------------------+|development|true||force|true||username|这里显示的是开发者账号||team_id|99WG99HF75||keychain_path|/Users/xyj/Library/Keychains/login.keychain-db||keychain_password|********||platform|ios|+-------------------+------------------------------------------------+[17:57:05]: Starting login with user '这里显示的是开发者账号'[17:57:08]: Successfully logged in[17:57:15]: Successfully generated FQV3SGXTZ9 which was imported to the local machine.[17:57:17]: Verifying the certificate is properly installed locally...[17:57:17]: Successfully installed certificate FQV3SGXTZ9+-------------------------------------+------------------------------------+|Summary for sigh 2.68.2|+-------------------------------------+------------------------------------+|app_identifier|com.jenkin.Debug||username|这里显示的是开发者账号||force|true||cert_id|FQV3SGXTZ9||provisioning_name|match Development com.jenkin.Debug||ignore_profiles_with_different_name|true||team_id|99WG99HF75||platform|ios||development|true||adhoc|false||skip_install|false||skip_fetch_profiles|false||skip_certificate_verification|false||readonly|false|+-------------------------------------+------------------------------------+[17:57:19]: Starting login with user '这里显示的是开发者账号'[17:57:21]: Successfully logged in[17:57:21]: Fetching profiles...[17:57:22]: Verifying certificates...[17:57:25]: No existing profiles found, that match the certificates you have installed locally! Creating a new provisioning profile for you[17:57:32]: The name 'match Development com.jenkin.Debug' is already taken, using another one.[17:57:32]: Creating new provisioning profile for 'com.jenkin.Debug' with name 'match Development com.jenkin.Debug 1512640652' for 'ios' platform[17:57:37]: Downloading provisioning profile...[17:57:38]: Successfully downloaded provisioning profile...[17:57:38]: Installing provisioning profile.../var/folders/w9/q16q5ckx2k3b3vmskgh3ksx00000gn/T/d20171207-41012-161tif9/profiles/development/Development_com.jenkin.Debug.mobileprovision[17:57:38]: Installing provisioning profile...[17:57:40]:🔒Successfully encrypted certificates repo[17:57:40]: Pushing changes to remote git repo...+---------------------+------------------------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------+|Installed Provisioning Profile|+---------------------+------------------------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------+|Parameter|Environment Variable|Value|+---------------------+------------------------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------+|App Identifier||com.jenkin.Debug||Type||development||Platform||ios||Profile UUID|sigh_com.jenkin.Debug_development|8d811267-9a90-4186-84ff-849270910564||Profile Name|sigh_com.jenkin.Debug_development_profile-name|match Development com.jenkin.Debug 1512640652||Profile Path|sigh_com.jenkin.Debug_development_profile-path|/Users/xyj/Library/MobileDevice/Provisioning||||Profiles/8d811267-9a90-4186-84ff-849270910564.mobilepr||||ovision||Development Team ID|sigh_com.jenkin.Debug_development_team-id|99WG99HF75|+---------------------+------------------------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------+[17:57:40]: All required keys, certificates and provisioning profiles are installed🙌[17:57:40]: Setting Provisioning Profile type to 'development'+------+-------------------------------------+-------------+|fastlane summary|+------+-------------------------------------+-------------+|Step|Action|Time (in s)|+------+-------------------------------------+-------------+|1|Verifying required fastlane version|0||2|default_platform|0||3|match|122|+------+-------------------------------------+-------------+[17:57:40]: fastlane.tools finished successfully🎉

这里主要说一下几点:

1、git_url:git_url是git服务器地址,我没指定git_url, ,匹配证书的时候,要求我输入服务器地址。输入完成后就会clone git服务器的代码,

2、验证证书:keychain_password就是为这步而存在的,这里由于我没在git服务器下载证书,所以没找到,但是fastlane为我重新创建了一个

3、描述文件:其实我已经在证书(之前就创建的证书)上生成了描述文件,但是fastlane重新生成了证书,所以他没找到描述文件,又自动给我重新生成了一个。

上面三种情况是fastlane的正常流程,但是我之前都创建好了,也就是说他现在的操作不是我想看到的。接下来我们将匹配开发证书的lane改成下面这样

desc"匹配开发证书"lane :matchDev domatch(type:"development",keychain_password:"git",git_url:"git@172.16.11.154:repositories/test.git")end

并且登录开发者账号将新生成的证书和描述文件都删掉,登录git服务器,将证书下载并安装好

再次在终端运行,结果如下:

fastlane matchDev[11:12:18]: Get started using a Gemfile for fastlane https://docs.fastlane.tools/getting-started/ios/setup/#use-a-gemfile[11:12:21]: -------------------------------------------------[11:12:21]: --- Step: Verifying required fastlane version ---[11:12:21]: -------------------------------------------------[11:12:21]: Your fastlane version 2.68.2 matches the minimum requirement of 2.68.2✅[11:12:21]: ------------------------------[11:12:21]: --- Step: default_platform ---[11:12:21]: ------------------------------[11:12:21]: Driving the lane 'ios matchDev'🚀[11:12:21]: -------------------[11:12:21]: --- Step: match ---[11:12:21]: -------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------------------------+|Summary for match 2.68.2|+-----------------------+-----------------------------------------+|type|development||git_url|git@172.16.11.154:repositories/test.git||force|true||git_branch|master||app_identifier|com.jenkin.Debug||username|这里显示的是开发者账号||keychain_name|login.keychain||readonly|false||team_id|99WG99HF75||verbose|false||skip_confirmation|false||shallow_clone|false||clone_branch_directly|false||force_for_new_devices|false||skip_docs|false||platform|ios|+-----------------------+-----------------------------------------+[11:12:21]: Cloning remote git repo...[11:12:21]: If cloning the repo takes too long, you can use the `clone_branch_directly` option in match.[11:12:22]:🔓Successfully decrypted certificates repo[11:12:22]: Verifying that the certificate and profile are still valid on the Dev Portal...[11:12:26]: Installing certificate...+-------------------+----------------------------------------------------------+|Installed Certificate|+-------------------+----------------------------------------------------------+|User ID|BED2DYAVHS||Common Name|这里显示证书名字||Organisation Unit|99WG99HF75||Organisation|********||Country|US||Start Datetime|Dec  8 02:58:55 2017 GMT||End Datetime|Dec  8 02:58:55 2018 GMT|+-------------------+----------------------------------------------------------++-------------------------------------+------------------------------------+|Summary for sigh 2.68.2|+-------------------------------------+------------------------------------+|app_identifier|com.jenkin.Debug||username|这里显示的是开发者账号||force|true||cert_id|SP54MR68FC||provisioning_name|match Development com.jenkin.Debug||ignore_profiles_with_different_name|true||team_id|99WG99HF75||platform|ios||development|true||adhoc|false||skip_install|false||skip_fetch_profiles|false||skip_certificate_verification|false||readonly|false|+-------------------------------------+------------------------------------+[11:12:27]: Starting login with user '这里显示的是开发者账号'[11:12:30]: Successfully logged in[11:12:30]: Fetching profiles...[11:12:31]: Verifying certificates...[11:12:32]: Found 1 matching profile(s)[11:12:32]: Recreating the profile[11:12:34]: Creating new provisioning profile for 'com.jenkin.Debug' with name 'match Development com.jenkin.Debug' for 'ios' platform[11:12:35]: Downloading provisioning profile...[11:12:35]: Successfully downloaded provisioning profile...[11:12:36]: Installing provisioning profile.../var/folders/w9/q16q5ckx2k3b3vmskgh3ksx00000gn/T/d20171208-50529-1yh4aue/profiles/development/Development_com.jenkin.Debug.mobileprovision[11:12:36]: Installing provisioning profile...[11:12:37]:🔒Successfully encrypted certificates repo[11:12:37]: Pushing changes to remote git repo...+---------------------+------------------------------------+------------------------------------+|Installed Provisioning Profile|+---------------------+------------------------------------+------------------------------------+|Parameter|Environment Variable|Value|+---------------------+------------------------------------+------------------------------------+|App Identifier||com.jenkin.Debug||Type||development||Platform||ios||Profile UUID|sigh_com.jenkin.Debug_development|63075bad-3ee8-449e-9ebb-251c50ea7||||f0c||Profile Name|sigh_com.jenkin.Debug_development|match Development|||_profile-name|com.jenkin.Debug||Profile Path|sigh_com.jenkin.Debug_development|/Users/xyj/Library/MobileDevice/P|||_profile-path|rovisioning||||Profiles/63075bad-3ee8-449e-9ebb-||||251c50ea7f0c.mobileprovision||Development Team ID|sigh_com.jenkin.Debug_development|99WG99HF75|||_team-id||+---------------------+------------------------------------+------------------------------------+[11:12:37]: All required keys, certificates and provisioning profiles are installed🙌[11:12:37]: Setting Provisioning Profile type to 'development'+------+------------------------------+-------------+|fastlane summary|+------+------------------------------+-------------+|Step|Action|Time (in s)|+------+------------------------------+-------------+|1|Verifying required fastlane|0|||version|||2|default_platform|0||3|match|16|+------+------------------------------+-------------+[11:12:37]: fastlane.tools finished successfully🎉

完成上面的步骤后,clone下你的代码。工程下面多了两个文件夹certs、profiles

certs文件夹下面包含一个.cer文件和一个.p12文件。命名都是以证书id,这两个文件分别用于自己开发和授权团队的小伙伴开发的。

profiles文件夹下面存放的是描述文件

当你的仓库里面没这两个,fastlane会为你重新创建证书和描述文件。如果有了。那就是上面这种情况,fastlane会直接帮你匹配好证书和描述文件。

至此,创建一个匹配开发证书的lane就算完成了。

2.创建一个打测试包的lane

创建一个lane,格式如下:

desc"打测试包"desc"This will also make sure the profile is up to date"lane :expIpa do  gym(clean:true,export_method:"development",configuration:"Debug")  end

这里主要涉及的工具为gym,命令包含clean,export_method,configuration三个参数,分别的含义为编译之前是否clean、导出archive包的方式、编译哪个configuration。

想了解更多参数,可在终端输入fastlane action gym或fastlane gym --help查看文档。

执行上面的命令后,在工程目录下可以看到导出的ipa包。没指定名字的话,ipa包的名字就是你的工程名。

3.创建一个上传到测试包到第三方分发平台的lane,这里以蒲公英为例

上传测试包到蒲公英、firim等第三方平台,都要到相应的第三方平台注册账号,这些平台一般都会制作fastlane的插件来支持fastlane上传测试包,这里做简单的介绍,查看详细文档请查看蒲公英官方文档

1、查看、安装fastlane插件

在终端输入fastlane search_plugins可以查看当前版本所有可用的插件,可以在里面看到pgyer插件,想知道如何使用请异步蒲公英官网查看。

安装pgyer插件:

fastlaneadd_pluginpgyer

安装完成后你就可以使用fastlane action pgyer来查看相关的参数以及使用了。

官网给出的例子是:

lane :beta do  gym(export_method:"ad-hoc")  pgyer(api_key:"7f15xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx141",user_key:"4a5bcxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx3a9e")end

以上的 api_key 和 user_key,请开发者在自己账号(蒲公英)下的 应用管理 - App概述 - API 中可以找到,并替换到以上相应的位置。

上面,我们已经打好测试包了,下面我们就上传测试到蒲公英。

lane如下:

desc"上传到蒲公英"lane :uploadPGY dopgyer(api_key:"75284caf4b30813b45b557ca7d121b2d",user_key:"fa8d179bb6b6cf382931ee2e487e2321",ipa:"JenkinsDemo.ipa")end

执行结果如下:

➜test git:(master)✗fastlane uploadPGY+-----------------------+---------+--------+|              Used plugins              |

+-----------------------+---------+--------+| Plugin                | Version | Action |

+-----------------------+---------+--------+| fastlane-plugin-pgyer | 0.2.1  | pgyer  |

+-----------------------+---------+--------+[10:48:01]: -------------------------------------------------[10:48:01]: --- Step: Verifying required fastlane version ---[10:48:01]: -------------------------------------------------[10:48:01]: Your fastlane version 2.68.2 matches the minimum requirement of 2.68.2✅[10:48:01]: ------------------------------[10:48:01]: --- Step: default_platform ---[10:48:01]: ------------------------------[10:48:01]: Driving the lane 'ios uploadPGY'🚀[10:48:01]: -------------------[10:48:01]: --- Step: pgyer ---[10:48:01]: -------------------[10:48:01]: The pgyer plugin is working.[10:48:01]: build_file: JenkinsDemo.ipa[10:48:01]: Start upload JenkinsDemo.ipa to pgyer...[10:48:45]: Upload success. Visit this URL to see: https://www.pgyer.com/LnYN+------+-------------------------------------+-------------+|                    fastlane summary                    |

+------+-------------------------------------+-------------+| Step | Action                              | Time (in s) |

+------+-------------------------------------+-------------+| 1    | Verifying required fastlane version | 0          || 2    | default_platform                    | 0          |

| 3    | pgyer                              | 43          |

+------+-------------------------------------+-------------+[10:48:45]: fastlane.tools finished successfully🎉

可以看到,上传成功后会给出一个链接,测试只需要打开这个链接就能扫码安装测试包了

小结:

上面几个步骤,其实是可以在一个lane里面完成的。我改进后的lane如下

desc"打测试包并上传蒲公英"lane:devdo#调用匹配开发证书的lanematchDevexpIpauploadPGYend

当然,你可以这样:

desc"打测试包并上传蒲公英"lane :dev domatch(type:"development",git_url:"git@172.16.11.154:repositories/test.git")gym(clean:true,export_method:"development",configuration:"Debug")pgyer(api_key:"75284caf4b30813b45b557ca7d121b2d",user_key:"fa8d179bb6b6cf382931ee2e487e2321",ipa:"JenkinsDemo.ipa")end

这两种方法,本质上是一样的。上面只不过是lane之间的相互调用。

二、上传一个TestFlight的测试包,

命令如下

desc"打beta包上传TestFlight"lane:betadomatch(type:"appstore",git_url:"git@172.16.11.154:repositories/test.git")build_app(clean:true,output_name:"appstore",configuration:"Release",include_bitcode:true)testflight(skip_submission:true)#上传testflightend

上传之前请做好前期的准备工作,在开发者账号上创建APP,xcode上添加好appicon等。

首先:前期的匹配证书、导出ipa文件和打测试包差不多,改一下相应的参数就行了。只是增加了上传到TestFlight,并且只是上传一个ipa包并没有将app相关的信息也上传到TestFlight。

我在测试过程中遇到的问题:

1、因为是测试,所以一开始没有添加相应尺寸的appicon,导致失败。

2、在成功导出ipa包,准备上传的时候报错,如下图 :

原因:上次上传的动作被被记录在UploadToken文件夹下面了,我们要进入user/.itmstransporter/UploadTokens该目录下将里面的文件删除,再次运行fastlane beta命令,就能上传成功了,上传过程会比较久,但终端会显示上传的进度,大概如下

DEBUG [2017-12-0917:39:46.83]: [Transporter]: INFO:      File:9a0450527b7b0dd213f32d8ad7a043d2.ipa1880200/93265945,2% completedDEBUG [2017-12-0917:40:07.92]: [Transporter]: INFO:      File:9a0450527b7b0dd213f32d8ad7a043d2.ipa3744600/93265945,4% completedDEBUG [2017-12-0917:40:16.55]: [Transporter]: INFO:      File:9a0450527b7b0dd213f32d8ad7a043d2.ipa4676800/93265945,5% completedDEBUG [2017-12-0917:40:24.74]: [Transporter]: INFO:      File:9a0450527b7b0dd213f32d8ad7a043d2.ipa5609000/93265945,6% completedDEBUG [2017-12-0917:40:36.80]: [Transporter]: INFO:      File:9a0450527b7b0dd213f32d8ad7a043d2.ipa6541200/93265945,7% completedDEBUG [2017-12-0917:40:55.42]: [Transporter]: INFO:      File:9a0450527b7b0dd213f32d8ad7a043d2.ipa8405600/93265945,9% completedDEBUG [2017-12-0917:41:09.38]: [Transporter]: INFO:      File:9a0450527b7b0dd213f32d8ad7a043d2.ipa9337800/93265945,10% completedDEBUG [2017-12-0917:41:20.30]: [Transporter]: INFO:      File:9a0450527b7b0dd213f32d8ad7a043d2.ipa10270000/93265945,11% completedDEBUG [2017-12-0917:41:39.45]: [Transporter]: INFO:      File:9a0450527b7b0dd213f32d8ad7a043d2.ipa12134400/93265945,13% completedDEBUG [2017-12-0917:41:49.63]: [Transporter]: INFO:      File:9a0450527b7b0dd213f32d8ad7a043d2.ipa13066600/93265945,14% completedDEBUG [2017-12-0917:41:58.10]: [Transporter]: INFO:      File:9a0450527b7b0dd213f32d8ad7a043d2.ipa13998800/93265945,15% completed

如果要直接上传appstore,将上面的testflight命令换成pload_to_app_store命令就可以了。(因为这是制作demo,所以没具体操作)。请自行尝试!

结语

这篇博客只是提及了比较常用,也是比较实用的功能。起到抛砖引玉的作用fastlane还有很多强大的功能,这里没有一一提及,有兴趣的小伙伴可以多多研究

相关的知识:

atool

xcodebuild 自动化构建

苹果下使用Gitosis的搭建git的服务器

fastlane文档

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