iOS 开发中常见的错误类型和调试技巧

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(http://upload-images.jianshu.io/upload_images/1197386-a0a0fd650cb43047.png?imageMogr2/auto-orient/strip%7CimageView2/2/w/1240)

  • 按照提示的去操作似乎,还是不行啊!有人说是 【死循环】、【内存泄漏】、【版本问题】
  • 其实都有道理。但是笔者这个的话,是因为,加载的图片实在是太大了,导致出现的bug。
  • 笔者检测发现,在主线程消耗太多的资源,cup 一下子达到35%以上,肯定会闪退了。然后呢,搞个懒加载,也解决不了。最后,采用了异步加载的方式,视图加载由原来的scrollView改成使用collectionview。因为图片是在是太大太多了,项目需求嘛!使用scrollView的话,你的图片是一次性加载所有的资源!问题就在这里,一次性加载上百张图片,导致CPU和内存暴涨。闪退是不可避免的。如果是采用collectionView的话,它是有重用机制的,性能、资源加载等问题基本解决了。

2、个人的小总结: http://m.blog.csdn.net/article/details?id=52180380

3、iOS中的url编码问题,下面拿出一个实例,要stringByAddingPercentEscapesUsingEncoding 来转换:

Snip20160818_1.png

结果为null,肯定的啦! 图片加载显示等,都要转UTF8.

Snip20160818_2.png

4、自动布局Autolayout

屏幕快照 2016-08-19 13.47.35.png

5、App迭代开发版本号的规则

首先我们的App第一版本首次上线, 比如以1.0.0为首次上线的版本号:

1.上线后突然发现一个严重的Bug那我们就要修复更新版本, 此时我们的版本号为1.0.1
所以说如果修复Bug或者优化功能, 我们只修改叠加第三位数字, 其他不变

2.如果有了新的需求, 在原来的基础上增加了一个新功能, 那么我们的版本号变为1.1.0, 需要清空第三位数字为0, 来叠加修改第二位数字

3.如果App需求功能大改, 更新量非常大, 那我们的版本号变为2.0.0, 需要叠加修改第一位数字, 清空其他数字为0

6、设置图片圆角

通常我们这么设置的:(少量可以使用该设置,但是使用的频率多的话就不建议了)

//cornerRadius 设置为self.iconImage图片宽度的一半(圆形图片)
self.iconImage.layer.cornerRadius = 20;
self.iconImage.layer.masksToBounds = YES;

/** 设置圆形图片(放到分类中使用) */

- (UIImage *)cutCircleImage {
UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(self.size, NO, 0.0);
// 获取上下文
CGContextRef ctr = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();
// 设置圆形
CGRect rect = CGRectMake(0, 0, self.size.width, self.size.height);
CGContextAddEllipseInRect(ctr, rect);
// 裁剪
CGContextClip(ctr);
// 将图片画上去
[self drawInRect:rect];
UIImage *image = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();
UIGraphicsEndImageContext();
return image;
}

7、xib 的常见问题

(1) 如果在xib中有一个控件, 已经明确设置尺寸了,输出的frame也是对的, 但是显示出来的效果不一样(比如尺寸变大了), 如果是这种情况一般就是autoresizingMask自动伸缩属性在搞鬼! 解决办法如下:

//xib的awakeFromNib方法中设置UIViewAutoresizingNone进行清空

  • (void)awakeFromNib {
    self.autoresizingMask = UIViewAutoresizingNone;
    }
    (2)如果你的控制器的view是用xib创建的, 当你拿到view的尺寸是不准确的, 在这里我们就需要通过[UIScreen mainScreen].bounds拿到尺寸, 但是storyboard的尺寸是准确的!

8、出现方法同名

出现类似的错误的话,就是你的方法或属性,在不同的类同名了。下面的图片我忘了标记 duplicate 这个词语了,意思是“重复”,在第6行可以看到该单词。

Snip20160823_2.png

解决办法:去掉或改变方法的名字就可以了。

以下是某作者的总结:(http://www.jianshu.com/p/4523eafb4cd4

  • UITableView的Group样式下顶部空白处理
    在viewWillAppear里面添加如下代码:
    //分组列表头部空白处理
    CGRect frame = myTableView.tableHeaderView.frame;
    frame.size.height = 0.1;
    UIView *headerView = [[UIView alloc] initWithFrame:frame];
    [myTableView setTableHeaderView:headerView];
    UITableView的plain样式下,取消区头停滞效果

    • (void)scrollViewDidScroll:(UIScrollView *)scrollView
      {
      CGFloat sectionHeaderHeight = sectionHead.height;
      if (scrollView.contentOffset.y<=sectionHeaderHeight&&scrollView;.contentOffset.y>=0)
      {
      scrollView.contentInset = UIEdgeInsetsMake(-scrollView.contentOffset.y, 0, 0, 0);
      }
      else if(scrollView.contentOffset.y>=sectionHeaderHeight)
      {
      scrollView.contentInset = UIEdgeInsetsMake(-sectionHeaderHeight, 0, 0, 0);
      }
      }
      那个,其实,还是用Group样式吧哈哈。
      获取某个view所在的控制器

    • (UIViewController *)viewController
      {
      UIViewController *viewController = nil;
      UIResponder *next = self.nextResponder;
      while (next)
      {
      if ([next isKindOfClass:[UIViewController class]])
      {
      viewController = (UIViewController *)next;
      break;
      }
      next = next.nextResponder;
      }
      return viewController;
      }
      两种方法删除NSUserDefaults所有记录

    //方法一
    NSString *appDomain = [[NSBundle mainBundle] bundleIdentifier];
    [[NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults] removePersistentDomainForName:appDomain];

    //方法二

    • (void)resetDefaults
      {
      NSUserDefaults * defs = [NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults];
      NSDictionary * dict = [defs dictionaryRepresentation];
      for (id key in dict)
      {
      [defs removeObjectForKey:key];
      }
      [defs synchronize];
      }
      打印系统所有已注册的字体名称

pragma mark - 打印系统所有已注册的字体名称

void enumerateFonts()
{
for(NSString *familyName in [UIFont familyNames])
{
NSLog(@"%@",familyName);
NSArray *fontNames = [UIFont fontNamesForFamilyName:familyName];
for(NSString *fontName in fontNames)
{
NSLog(@"\t|- %@",fontName);
}
}
}
获取图片某一点的颜色

  • (UIColor*) getPixelColorAtLocation:(CGPoint)point inImage:(UIImage *)image
    {

    UIColor* color = nil;
    CGImageRef inImage = image.CGImage;
    CGContextRef cgctx = [self createARGBBitmapContextFromImage:inImage];

    if (cgctx == NULL) {
    return nil; /* error */
    }
    size_t w = CGImageGetWidth(inImage);
    size_t h = CGImageGetHeight(inImage);
    CGRect rect = {{0,0},{w,h}};

    CGContextDrawImage(cgctx, rect, inImage);
    unsigned char* data = CGBitmapContextGetData (cgctx);
    if (data != NULL) {
    int offset = 4((wround(point.y))+round(point.x));
    int alpha = data[offset];
    int red = data[offset+1];
    int green = data[offset+2];
    int blue = data[offset+3];
    color = [UIColor colorWithRed:(red/255.0f) green:(green/255.0f) blue:
    (blue/255.0f) alpha:(alpha/255.0f)];
    }
    CGContextRelease(cgctx);
    if (data) {
    free(data);
    }
    return color;
    }
    字符串反转
    第一种:

  • (NSString *)reverseWordsInString:(NSString *)str
    {
    NSMutableString *newString = [[NSMutableString alloc] initWithCapacity:str.length];
    for (NSInteger i = str.length - 1; i >= 0 ; i --)
    {
    unichar ch = [str characterAtIndex:i];
    [newString appendFormat:@"%c", ch];
    }
    return newString;
    }

//第二种:

  • (NSString)reverseWordsInString:(NSString)str
    {
    NSMutableString *reverString = [NSMutableString stringWithCapacity:str.length];
    [str enumerateSubstringsInRange:NSMakeRange(0, str.length) options:NSStringEnumerationReverse | NSStringEnumerationByComposedCharacterSequences usingBlock:^(NSString *substring, NSRange substringRange, NSRange enclosingRange, BOOL *stop) {
    [reverString appendString:substring];
    }];
    return reverString;
    }
    禁止锁屏,
    默认情况下,当设备一段时间没有触控动作时,iOS会锁住屏幕。但有一些应用是不需要锁屏的,比如视频播放器。
    [UIApplication sharedApplication].idleTimerDisabled = YES;

    [[UIApplication sharedApplication] setIdleTimerDisabled:YES];
    模态推出透明界面
    UIViewController *vc = [[UIViewController alloc] init];
    UINavigationController *na = [[UINavigationController alloc] initWithRootViewController:vc];

if ([[[UIDevice currentDevice] systemVersion] floatValue] >= 8.0)
{
na.modalPresentationStyle = UIModalPresentationOverCurrentContext;
}
else
{
self.modalPresentationStyle=UIModalPresentationCurrentContext;
}

[self presentViewController:na animated:YES completion:nil];
Xcode调试不显示内存占用
editSCheme 里面有个选项叫叫做enable zoombie Objects 取消选中
显示隐藏文件
//显示
defaults write com.apple.finder AppleShowAllFiles -bool true
killall Finder

//隐藏
defaults write com.apple.finder AppleShowAllFiles -bool false
killall Finder
字符串按多个符号分割

image.png
iOS跳转到App Store下载应用评分
[[UIApplication sharedApplication] openURL:[NSURL URLWithString:@"itms-apps://itunes.apple.com/WebObjects/MZStore.woa/wa/viewContentsUserReviews?type=Purple+Software&id=APPID"]];
iOS 获取汉字的拼音

  • (NSString *)transform:(NSString *)chinese
    {
    //将NSString装换成NSMutableString
    NSMutableString *pinyin = [chinese mutableCopy];
    //将汉字转换为拼音(带音标)
    CFStringTransform((__bridge CFMutableStringRef)pinyin, NULL, kCFStringTransformMandarinLatin, NO);
    NSLog(@"%@", pinyin);
    //去掉拼音的音标
    CFStringTransform((__bridge CFMutableStringRef)pinyin, NULL, kCFStringTransformStripCombiningMarks, NO);
    NSLog(@"%@", pinyin);
    //返回最近结果
    return pinyin;
    }
    手动更改iOS状态栏的颜色
  • (void)setStatusBarBackgroundColor:(UIColor *)color
    {
    UIView *statusBar = [[[UIApplication sharedApplication] valueForKey:@"statusBarWindow"] valueForKey:@"statusBar"];

    if ([statusBar respondsToSelector:@selector(setBackgroundColor:)])
    {
    statusBar.backgroundColor = color;
    }
    }
    判断当前ViewController是push还是present的方式显示的
    NSArray *viewcontrollers=self.navigationController.viewControllers;

if (viewcontrollers.count > 1)
{
if ([viewcontrollers objectAtIndex:viewcontrollers.count - 1] == self)
{
//push方式
[self.navigationController popViewControllerAnimated:YES];
}
}
else
{
//present方式
[self dismissViewControllerAnimated:YES completion:nil];
}
获取实际使用的LaunchImage图片

  • (NSString *)getLaunchImageName
    {
    CGSize viewSize = self.window.bounds.size;
    // 竖屏
    NSString viewOrientation = @"Portrait";
    NSString launchImageName = nil;
    NSArray
    imagesDict = [[[NSBundle mainBundle] infoDictionary] valueForKey:@"UILaunchImages"];
    for (NSDictionary
    dict in imagesDict)
    {
    CGSize imageSize = CGSizeFromString(dict[@"UILaunchImageSize"]);
    if (CGSizeEqualToSize(imageSize, viewSize) && [viewOrientation isEqualToString:dict[@"UILaunchImageOrientation"]])
    {
    launchImageName = dict[@"UILaunchImageName"];
    }
    }
    return launchImageName;
    }
    iOS在当前屏幕获取第一响应
    UIWindow * keyWindow = [[UIApplication sharedApplication] keyWindow];
    UIView * firstResponder = [keyWindow performSelector:@selector(firstResponder)];
    判断对象是否遵循了某协议
    if ([self.selectedController conformsToProtocol:@protocol(RefreshPtotocol)])
    {
    [self.selectedController performSelector:@selector(onTriggerRefresh)];
    }
    判断view是不是指定视图的子视图
    BOOL isView = [textView isDescendantOfView:self.view];
    NSArray 快速求总和 最大值 最小值 和 平均值
    NSArray *array = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@"2.0", @"2.3", @"3.0", @"4.0", @"10", nil];
    CGFloat sum = [[array valueForKeyPath:@"@sum.floatValue"] floatValue];
    CGFloat avg = [[array valueForKeyPath:@"@avg.floatValue"] floatValue];
    CGFloat max =[[array valueForKeyPath:@"@max.floatValue"] floatValue];
    CGFloat min =[[array valueForKeyPath:@"@min.floatValue"] floatValue];
    NSLog(@"%f\n%f\n%f\n%f",sum,avg,max,min);
    修改UITextField中Placeholder的文字颜色
    [textField setValue:[UIColor redColor] forKeyPath:@"_placeholderLabel.textColor"];
    关于NSDateFormatter的格式
    G: 公元时代,例如AD公元
    yy: 年的后2位
    yyyy: 完整年
    MM: 月,显示为1-12
    MMM: 月,显示为英文月份简写,如 Jan
    MMMM: 月,显示为英文月份全称,如 Janualy
    dd: 日,2位数表示,如02
    d: 日,1-2位显示,如 2
    EEE: 简写星期几,如Sun
    EEEE: 全写星期几,如Sunday
    aa: 上下午,AM/PM
    H: 时,24小时制,0-23
    K:时,12小时制,0-11
    m: 分,1-2位
    mm: 分,2位
    s: 秒,1-2位
    ss: 秒,2位
    S: 毫秒
    获取一个类的所有子类
  • (NSArray *) allSubclasses
    {
    Class myClass = [self class];
    NSMutableArray *mySubclasses = [NSMutableArray array];
    unsigned int numOfClasses;
    Class *classes = objc_copyClassList(&numOfClasses;);
    for (unsigned int ci = 0; ci < numOfClasses; ci++)
    {
    Class superClass = classes[ci];
    do{
    superClass = class_getSuperclass(superClass);
    } while (superClass && superClass != myClass);

      if (superClass)
      {
          [mySubclasses addObject: classes[ci]];
      }
    

    }
    free(classes);
    return mySubclasses;
    }
    监测IOS设备是否设置了代理,需要CFNetwork.framework
    NSDictionary *proxySettings = (__bridge NSDictionary *)(CFNetworkCopySystemProxySettings());
    NSArray *proxies = (__bridge NSArray *)(CFNetworkCopyProxiesForURL((__bridge CFURLRef _Nonnull)([NSURL URLWithString:@"http://www.baidu.com"]), (__bridge CFDictionaryRef _Nonnull)(proxySettings)));
    NSLog(@"\n%@",proxies);

NSDictionary *settings = proxies[0];
NSLog(@"%@",[settings objectForKey:(NSString *)kCFProxyHostNameKey]);
NSLog(@"%@",[settings objectForKey:(NSString *)kCFProxyPortNumberKey]);
NSLog(@"%@",[settings objectForKey:(NSString *)kCFProxyTypeKey]);

if ([[settings objectForKey:(NSString *)kCFProxyTypeKey] isEqualToString:@"kCFProxyTypeNone"])
{
NSLog(@"没代理");
}
else
{
NSLog(@"设置了代理");
}
阿拉伯数字转中文格式
+(NSString *)translation:(NSString *)arebic
{
NSString *str = arebic;
NSArray *arabic_numerals = @[@"1",@"2",@"3",@"4",@"5",@"6",@"7",@"8",@"9",@"0"];
NSArray *chinese_numerals = @[@"一",@"二",@"三",@"四",@"五",@"六",@"七",@"八",@"九",@"零"];
NSArray *digits = @[@"个",@"十",@"百",@"千",@"万",@"十",@"百",@"千",@"亿",@"十",@"百",@"千",@"兆"];
NSDictionary *dictionary = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjects:chinese_numerals forKeys:arabic_numerals];

NSMutableArray *sums = [NSMutableArray array];
for (int i = 0; i < str.length; i ++) {
    NSString *substr = [str substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(i, 1)];
    NSString *a = [dictionary objectForKey:substr];
    NSString *b = digits[str.length -i-1];
    NSString *sum = [a stringByAppendingString:b];
    if ([a isEqualToString:chinese_numerals[9]])
    {
        if([b isEqualToString:digits[4]] || [b isEqualToString:digits[8]])
        {
            sum = b;
            if ([[sums lastObject] isEqualToString:chinese_numerals[9]])
            {
                [sums removeLastObject];
            }
        }else
        {
            sum = chinese_numerals[9];
        }

        if ([[sums lastObject] isEqualToString:sum])
        {
            continue;
        }
    }

    [sums addObject:sum];
}

NSString *sumStr = [sums componentsJoinedByString:@""];
NSString *chinese = [sumStr substringToIndex:sumStr.length-1];
NSLog(@"%@",str);
NSLog(@"%@",chinese);
return chinese;

}
Base64编码与NSString对象或NSData对象的转换
// Create NSData object
NSData *nsdata = [@"iOS Developer Tips encoded in Base64"
dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];

// Get NSString from NSData object in Base64
NSString *base64Encoded = [nsdata base64EncodedStringWithOptions:0];

// Print the Base64 encoded string
NSLog(@"Encoded: %@", base64Encoded);

// Let's go the other way...

// NSData from the Base64 encoded str
NSData *nsdataFromBase64String = [[NSData alloc]
initWithBase64EncodedString:base64Encoded options:0];

// Decoded NSString from the NSData
NSString *base64Decoded = [[NSString alloc]
initWithData:nsdataFromBase64String encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
NSLog(@"Decoded: %@", base64Decoded);
取消UICollectionView的隐式动画
UICollectionView在reloadItems的时候,默认会附加一个隐式的fade动画,有时候很讨厌,尤其是当你的cell是复合cell的情况下(比如cell使用到了UIStackView)。下面几种方法都可以帮你去除这些动画
//方法一
[UIView performWithoutAnimation:^{
[collectionView reloadItemsAtIndexPaths:@[[NSIndexPath indexPathForItem:index inSection:0]]];
}];

//方法二
[UIView animateWithDuration:0 animations:^{
[collectionView performBatchUpdates:^{
[collectionView reloadItemsAtIndexPaths:@[[NSIndexPath indexPathForItem:index inSection:0]]];
} completion:nil];
}];

//方法三
[UIView setAnimationsEnabled:NO];
[self.trackPanel performBatchUpdates:^{
[collectionView reloadItemsAtIndexPaths:@[[NSIndexPath indexPathForItem:index inSection:0]]];
} completion:^(BOOL finished) {
[UIView setAnimationsEnabled:YES];
}];
让Xcode的控制台支持LLDB类型的打印
打开终端输入三条命令:
touch ~/.lldbinit
echo display @import UIKit >> ~/.lldbinit
echo target stop-hook add -o "target stop-hook disable" >> ~/.lldbinit
CocoaPods pod install/pod update更新慢的问题
pod install --verbose --no-repo-update
pod update --verbose --no-repo-update
如果不加后面的参数,默认会升级CocoaPods的spec仓库,加一个参数可以省略这一步,然后速度就会提升不少
UIImage 占用内存大小
UIImage image = [UIImage imageNamed:@"aa"];
NSUInteger size = CGImageGetHeight(image.CGImage) * CGImageGetBytesPerRow(image.CGImage);
GCD timer定时器
dispatch_queue_t queue = dispatch_get_global_queue(DISPATCH_QUEUE_PRIORITY_DEFAULT, 0);
dispatch_source_t timer = dispatch_source_create(DISPATCH_SOURCE_TYPE_TIMER, 0, 0,queue);
dispatch_source_set_timer(timer,dispatch_walltime(NULL, 0),1.0
NSEC_PER_SEC, 0); //每秒执行
dispatch_source_set_event_handler(timer, ^{
//@"倒计时结束,关闭"
dispatch_source_cancel(timer);
dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{

});

});
dispatch_resume(timer);
图片上绘制文字 写一个UIImage的category

  • (UIImage *)imageWithTitle:(NSString *)title fontSize:(CGFloat)fontSize
    {
    //画布大小
    CGSize size=CGSizeMake(self.size.width,self.size.height);
    //创建一个基于位图的上下文
    UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(size,NO,0.0);//opaque:NO scale:0.0

    [self drawAtPoint:CGPointMake(0.0,0.0)];

    //文字居中显示在画布上
    NSMutableParagraphStyle* paragraphStyle = [[NSParagraphStyle defaultParagraphStyle] mutableCopy];
    paragraphStyle.lineBreakMode = NSLineBreakByCharWrapping;
    paragraphStyle.alignment=NSTextAlignmentCenter;//文字居中

    //计算文字所占的size,文字居中显示在画布上
    CGSize sizeText=[title boundingRectWithSize:self.size options:NSStringDrawingUsesLineFragmentOrigin
    attributes:@{NSFontAttributeName:[UIFont systemFontOfSize:fontSize]}context:nil].size;
    CGFloat width = self.size.width;
    CGFloat height = self.size.height;

    CGRect rect = CGRectMake((width-sizeText.width)/2, (height-sizeText.height)/2, sizeText.width, sizeText.height);
    //绘制文字
    [title drawInRect:rect withAttributes:@{ NSFontAttributeName:[UIFont systemFontOfSize:fontSize],NSForegroundColorAttributeName:[ UIColor whiteColor],NSParagraphStyleAttributeName:paragraphStyle}];

    //返回绘制的新图形
    UIImage *newImage= UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();
    UIGraphicsEndImageContext();
    return newImage;
    }
    查找一个视图的所有子视图

  • (NSMutableArray *)allSubViewsForView:(UIView *)view
    {
    NSMutableArray *array = [NSMutableArray arrayWithCapacity:0];
    for (UIView *subView in view.subviews)
    {
    [array addObject:subView];
    if (subView.subviews.count > 0)
    {
    [array addObjectsFromArray:[self allSubViewsForView:subView]];
    }
    }
    return array;
    }
    计算文件大小
    //文件大小

  • (long long)fileSizeAtPath:(NSString *)path
    {
    NSFileManager *fileManager = [NSFileManager defaultManager];

    if ([fileManager fileExistsAtPath:path])
    {
    long long size = [fileManager attributesOfItemAtPath:path error:nil].fileSize;
    return size;
    }

    return 0;
    }

//文件夹大小

  • (long long)folderSizeAtPath:(NSString *)path
    {
    NSFileManager *fileManager = [NSFileManager defaultManager];

    long long folderSize = 0;

    if ([fileManager fileExistsAtPath:path])
    {
    NSArray *childerFiles = [fileManager subpathsAtPath:path];
    for (NSString *fileName in childerFiles)
    {
    NSString *fileAbsolutePath = [path stringByAppendingPathComponent:fileName];
    if ([fileManager fileExistsAtPath:fileAbsolutePath])
    {
    long long size = [fileManager attributesOfItemAtPath:fileAbsolutePath error:nil].fileSize;
    folderSize += size;
    }
    }
    }

    return folderSize;
    }
    UIView设置部分圆角
    你是不是也遇到过这样的问题,一个button或者label,只要右边的两个角圆角,或者只要一个圆角。该怎么办呢。这就需要图层蒙版来帮助我们了
    CGRect rect = view.bounds;
    CGSize radio = CGSizeMake(30, 30);//圆角尺寸
    UIRectCorner corner = UIRectCornerTopLeft|UIRectCornerTopRight;//这只圆角位置
    UIBezierPath *path = [UIBezierPath bezierPathWithRoundedRect:rect byRoundingCorners:corner cornerRadii:radio];
    CAShapeLayer *masklayer = [[CAShapeLayer alloc]init];//创建shapelayer
    masklayer.frame = view.bounds;
    masklayer.path = path.CGPath;//设置路径
    view.layer.mask = masklayer;
    取上整与取下整
    floor(x),有时候也写做Floor(x),其功能是“下取整”,即取不大于x的最大整数 例如:
    x=3.14,floor(x)=3
    y=9.99999,floor(y)=9

与floor函数对应的是ceil函数,即上取整函数。

ceil函数的作用是求不小于给定实数的最小整数。
ceil(2)=ceil(1.2)=cei(1.5)=2.00

floor函数与ceil函数的返回值均为double型
计算字符串字符长度,一个汉字算两个字符
//方法一:

  • (int)convertToInt:(NSString)strtemp
    {
    int strlength = 0;
    char
    p = (char)[strtemp cStringUsingEncoding:NSUnicodeStringEncoding];
    for (int i=0 ; i<[strtemp lengthOfBytesUsingEncoding:NSUnicodeStringEncoding] ;i++)
    {
    if (
    p)
    {
    p++;
    strlength++;
    }
    else
    {
    p++;
    }

    }
    return strlength;
    }

//方法二:
-(NSUInteger) unicodeLengthOfString: (NSString *) text
{
NSUInteger asciiLength = 0;
for (NSUInteger i = 0; i < text.length; i++)
{
unichar uc = [text characterAtIndex: i];
asciiLength += isascii(uc) ? 1 : 2;
}
return asciiLength;
}
给UIView设置图片
UIImage *image = [UIImage imageNamed:@"image"];
self.MYView.layer.contents = (__bridge id _Nullable)(image.CGImage);
self.MYView.layer.contentsRect = CGRectMake(0, 0, 0.5, 0.5);
防止scrollView手势覆盖侧滑手势
[scrollView.panGestureRecognizerrequireGestureRecognizerToFail:self.navigationController.interactivePopGestureRecognizer];
去掉导航栏返回的back标题
[[UIBarButtonItemappearance]setBackButtonTitlePositionAdjustment:UIOffsetMake(0, -60)forBarMetrics:UIBarMetricsDefault];
字符串中是否含有中文

  • (BOOL)checkIsChinese:(NSString *)string
    {
    for (int i=0; i<string.length; i++)
    {
    unichar ch = [string characterAtIndex:i];
    if (0x4E00 <= ch && ch <= 0x9FA5)
    {
    return YES;
    }
    }
    return NO;
    }
    dispatch_group的使用
    dispatch_group_t dispatchGroup = dispatch_group_create();
    dispatch_group_enter(dispatchGroup);
    dispatch_after(dispatch_time(DISPATCH_TIME_NOW, (int64_t)(1 * NSEC_PER_SEC)), dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
    NSLog(@"第一个请求完成");
    dispatch_group_leave(dispatchGroup);
    });

    dispatch_group_enter(dispatchGroup);

    dispatch_after(dispatch_time(DISPATCH_TIME_NOW, (int64_t)(10 * NSEC_PER_SEC)), dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
    NSLog(@"第二个请求完成");
    dispatch_group_leave(dispatchGroup);
    });

    dispatch_group_notify(dispatchGroup, dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^(){
    NSLog(@"请求完成");
    });
    UITextField每四位加一个空格,实现代理

  • (BOOL)textField:(UITextField *)textField shouldChangeCharactersInRange:(NSRange)range replacementString:(NSString *)string
    {
    // 四位加一个空格
    if ([string isEqualToString:@""])
    {
    // 删除字符
    if ((textField.text.length - 2) % 5 == 0)
    {
    textField.text = [textField.text substringToIndex:textField.text.length - 1];
    }
    return YES;
    }
    else
    {
    if (textField.text.length % 5 == 0)
    {
    textField.text = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@ ", textField.text];
    }
    }
    return YES;
    }
    获取私有属性和成员变量 #import <objc/runtime.h>
    //获取私有属性 比如设置UIDatePicker的字体颜色

  • (void)setTextColor
    {
    //获取所有的属性,去查看有没有对应的属性
    unsigned int count = 0;
    objc_property_t *propertys = class_copyPropertyList([UIDatePicker class], &count);
    for(int i = 0;i < count;i ++)
    {
    //获得每一个属性
    objc_property_t property = propertys[i];
    //获得属性对应的nsstring
    NSString *propertyName = [NSString stringWithCString:property_getName(property) encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
    //输出打印看对应的属性
    NSLog(@"propertyname = %@",propertyName);
    if ([propertyName isEqualToString:@"textColor"])
    {
    [datePicker setValue:[UIColor whiteColor] forKey:propertyName];
    }
    }
    }
    //获得成员变量 比如修改UIAlertAction的按钮字体颜色
    unsigned int count = 0;
    Ivar *ivars = class_copyIvarList([UIAlertAction class], &count);
    for(int i =0;i < count;i ++)
    {
    Ivar ivar = ivars[i];
    NSString *ivarName = [NSString stringWithCString:ivar_getName(ivar) encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
    NSLog(@"uialertion.ivarName = %@",ivarName);
    if ([ivarName isEqualToString:@"_titleTextColor"])
    {
    [alertOk setValue:[UIColor blueColor] forKey:@"titleTextColor"];
    [alertCancel setValue:[UIColor purpleColor] forKey:@"titleTextColor"];
    }
    }
    获取手机安装的应用
    Class c =NSClassFromString(@"LSApplicationWorkspace");
    id s = [(id)c performSelector:NSSelectorFromString(@"defaultWorkspace")];
    NSArray *array = [s performSelector:NSSelectorFromString(@"allInstalledApplications")];
    for (id item in array)
    {
    NSLog(@"%@",[item performSelector:NSSelectorFromString(@"applicationIdentifier")]);
    //NSLog(@"%@",[item performSelector:NSSelectorFromString(@"bundleIdentifier")]);
    NSLog(@"%@",[item performSelector:NSSelectorFromString(@"bundleVersion")]);
    NSLog(@"%@",[item performSelector:NSSelectorFromString(@"shortVersionString")]);
    }
    判断两个日期是否在同一周 写在NSDate的category里面

  • (BOOL)isSameDateWithDate:(NSDate *)date
    {
    //日期间隔大于七天之间返回NO
    if (fabs([self timeIntervalSinceDate:date]) >= 7 * 24 *3600)
    {
    return NO;
    }

    NSCalendar *calender = [NSCalendar currentCalendar];
    calender.firstWeekday = 2;//设置每周第一天从周一开始
    //计算两个日期分别为这年第几周
    NSUInteger countSelf = [calender ordinalityOfUnit:NSCalendarUnitWeekday inUnit:NSCalendarUnitYear forDate:self];
    NSUInteger countDate = [calender ordinalityOfUnit:NSCalendarUnitWeekday inUnit:NSCalendarUnitYear forDate:date];

    //相等就在同一周,不相等就不在同一周
    return countSelf == countDate;
    }
    应用内打开系统设置界面
    //iOS8之后
    [[UIApplication sharedApplication] openURL:[NSURL URLWithString:UIApplicationOpenSettingsURLString]];
    //如果App没有添加权限,显示的是设定界面。如果App有添加权限(例如通知),显示的是App的设定界面。
    //iOS8之前
    //先添加一个url type如下图,在代码中调用如下代码,即可跳转到设置页面的对应项
    [[UIApplication sharedApplication] openURL:[NSURL URLWithString:@"prefs:root=WIFI"]];

可选值如下:
About — prefs:root=General&path=About
Accessibility — prefs:root=General&path=ACCESSIBILITY
Airplane Mode On — prefs:root=AIRPLANE_MODE
Auto-Lock — prefs:root=General&path=AUTOLOCK
Brightness — prefs:root=Brightness
Bluetooth — prefs:root=General&path=Bluetooth
Date & Time — prefs:root=General&path=DATE_AND_TIME
FaceTime — prefs:root=FACETIME
General — prefs:root=General
Keyboard — prefs:root=General&path=Keyboard
iCloud — prefs:root=CASTLE
iCloud Storage & Backup — prefs:root=CASTLE&path=STORAGE_AND_BACKUP
International — prefs:root=General&path=INTERNATIONAL
Location Services — prefs:root=LOCATION_SERVICES
Music — prefs:root=MUSIC
Music Equalizer — prefs:root=MUSIC&path=EQ
Music Volume Limit — prefs:root=MUSIC&path=VolumeLimit
Network — prefs:root=General&path=Network
Nike + iPod — prefs:root=NIKE_PLUS_IPOD
Notes — prefs:root=NOTES
Notification — prefs:root=NOTIFICATI*****_ID
Phone — prefs:root=Phone
Photos — prefs:root=Photos
Profile — prefs:root=General&path=ManagedConfigurationList
Reset — prefs:root=General&path=Reset
Safari — prefs:root=Safari
Siri — prefs:root=General&path=Assistant
Sounds — prefs:root=Sounds
Software Update — prefs:root=General&path=SOFTWARE_UPDATE_LINK
Store — prefs:root=STORE
Twitter — prefs:root=TWITTER
Usage — prefs:root=General&path=USAGE
VPN — prefs:root=General&path=Network/VPN
Wallpaper — prefs:root=Wallpaper
Wi-Fi — prefs:root=WIFI

Image.png
动画暂停再开始
-(void)pauseLayer:(CALayer *)layer
{
CFTimeInterval pausedTime = [layer convertTime:CACurrentMediaTime() fromLayer:nil];
layer.speed = 0.0;
layer.timeOffset = pausedTime;
}

-(void)resumeLayer:(CALayer *)layer
{
CFTimeInterval pausedTime = [layer timeOffset];
layer.speed = 1.0;
layer.timeOffset = 0.0;
layer.beginTime = 0.0;
CFTimeInterval timeSincePause = [layer convertTime:CACurrentMediaTime() fromLayer:nil] - pausedTime;
layer.beginTime = timeSincePause;
}
fillRule原理

Image.png
iOS中数字的格式化
//通过NSNumberFormatter,同样可以设置NSNumber输出的格式。例如如下代码:
NSNumberFormatter *formatter = [[NSNumberFormatter alloc] init];
formatter.numberStyle = NSNumberFormatterDecimalStyle;
NSString *string = [formatter stringFromNumber:[NSNumber numberWithInt:123456789]];
NSLog(@"Formatted number string:%@",string);
//输出结果为:[1223:403] Formatted number string:123,456,789

//其中NSNumberFormatter类有个属性numberStyle,它是一个枚举型,设置不同的值可以输出不同的数字格式。该枚举包括:
typedef NS_ENUM(NSUInteger, NSNumberFormatterStyle) {
NSNumberFormatterNoStyle = kCFNumberFormatterNoStyle,
NSNumberFormatterDecimalStyle = kCFNumberFormatterDecimalStyle,
NSNumberFormatterCurrencyStyle = kCFNumberFormatterCurrencyStyle,
NSNumberFormatterPercentStyle = kCFNumberFormatterPercentStyle,
NSNumberFormatterScientificStyle = kCFNumberFormatterScientificStyle,
NSNumberFormatterSpellOutStyle = kCFNumberFormatterSpellOutStyle
};
//各个枚举对应输出数字格式的效果如下:其中第三项和最后一项的输出会根据系统设置的语言区域的不同而不同。
[1243:403] Formatted number string:123456789
[1243:403] Formatted number string:123,456,789
[1243:403] Formatted number string:¥123,456,789.00
[1243:403] Formatted number string:-539,222,988%
[1243:403] Formatted number string:1.23456789E8
[1243:403] Formatted number string:一亿二千三百四十五万六千七百八十九
如何获取WebView所有的图片地址,
在网页加载完成时,通过js获取图片和添加点击的识别方式
//UIWebView

  • (void)webViewDidFinishLoad:(UIWebView *)webView
    {
    //这里是js,主要目的实现对url的获取
    static NSString * const jsGetImages =
    @"function getImages(){
    var objs = document.getElementsByTagName("img");
    var imgScr = '';
    for(var i=0;i<objs.length;i++){
    imgScr = imgScr + objs[i].src + '+';
    };
    return imgScr;
    };";

    [webView stringByEvaluatingJavaScriptFromString:jsGetImages];//注入js方法
    NSString *urlResult = [webView stringByEvaluatingJavaScriptFromString:@"getImages()"];
    NSArray *urlArray = [NSMutableArray arrayWithArray:[urlResult componentsSeparatedByString:@"+"]];
    //urlResurlt 就是获取到得所有图片的url的拼接;mUrlArray就是所有Url的数组
    }
    //WKWebView

  • (void)webView:(WKWebView *)webView didFinishNavigation:(null_unspecified WKNavigation *)navigation
    {
    static NSString * const jsGetImages =
    @"function getImages(){
    var objs = document.getElementsByTagName("img");
    var imgScr = '';
    for(var i=0;i<objs.length;i++){
    imgScr = imgScr + objs[i].src + '+';
    };
    return imgScr;
    };";

    [webView evaluateJavaScript:jsGetImages completionHandler:nil];
    [webView evaluateJavaScript:@"getImages()" completionHandler:^(id _Nullable result, NSError * _Nullable error) {
    NSLog(@"%@",result);
    }];
    }
    获取到webview的高度
    CGFloat height = [[self.webView stringByEvaluatingJavaScriptFromString:@"document.body.offsetHeight"] floatValue];
    navigationBar变为纯透明
    //第一种方法
    //导航栏纯透明
    [self.navigationBar setBackgroundImage:[UIImage new] forBarMetrics:UIBarMetricsDefault];
    //去掉导航栏底部的黑线
    self.navigationBar.shadowImage = [UIImage new];

//第二种方法
[[self.navigationBar subviews] objectAtIndex:0].alpha = 0;
tabBar同理
[self.tabBar setBackgroundImage:[UIImage new]];
self.tabBar.shadowImage = [UIImage new];
navigationBar根据滑动距离的渐变色实现
//第一种

  • (void)scrollViewDidScroll:(UIScrollView *)scrollView
    {
    CGFloat offsetToShow = 200.0;//滑动多少就完全显示
    CGFloat alpha = 1 - (offsetToShow - scrollView.contentOffset.y) / offsetToShow;
    [[self.navigationController.navigationBar subviews] objectAtIndex:0].alpha = alpha;
    }
    //第二种

  • (void)scrollViewDidScroll:(UIScrollView *)scrollView
    {
    CGFloat offsetToShow = 200.0;
    CGFloat alpha = 1 - (offsetToShow - scrollView.contentOffset.y) / offsetToShow;

    [self.navigationController.navigationBar setShadowImage:[UIImage new]];
    [self.navigationController.navigationBar setBackgroundImage:[self imageWithColor:[[UIColor orangeColor]colorWithAlphaComponent:alpha]] forBarMetrics:UIBarMetricsDefault];
    }

//生成一张纯色的图片

  • (UIImage *)imageWithColor:(UIColor *)color
    {
    CGRect rect = CGRectMake(0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f);
    UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(rect.size);
    CGContextRef context = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();
    CGContextSetFillColorWithColor(context, [color CGColor]);
    CGContextFillRect(context, rect);
    UIImage *theImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();
    UIGraphicsEndImageContext();

    return theImage;
    }
    iOS 开发中一些相关的路径
    模拟器的位置:
    /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Platforms/iPhoneSimulator.platform/Developer/SDKs

文档安装位置:
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Documentation/DocSets

插件保存路径:
~/Library/ApplicationSupport/Developer/Shared/Xcode/Plug-ins

自定义代码段的保存路径:
~/Library/Developer/Xcode/UserData/CodeSnippets/
如果找不到CodeSnippets文件夹,可以自己新建一个CodeSnippets文件夹。

描述文件路径
~/Library/MobileDevice/Provisioning Profiles
navigationItem的BarButtonItem如何紧靠屏幕右边界或者左边界?
一般情况下,右边的item会和屏幕右侧保持一段距离:

image.png
下面是通过添加一个负值宽度的固定间距的item来解决,也可以改变宽度实现不同的间隔:
UIImage *img = [[UIImage imageNamed:@"icon_cog"] imageWithRenderingMode:UIImageRenderingModeAlwaysOriginal];
//宽度为负数的固定间距的系统item
UIBarButtonItem *rightNegativeSpacer = [[UIBarButtonItem alloc] initWithBarButtonSystemItem:UIBarButtonSystemItemFixedSpace target:nil action:nil];
[rightNegativeSpacer setWidth:-15];

UIBarButtonItem *rightBtnItem1 = [[UIBarButtonItem alloc]initWithImage:img style:UIBarButtonItemStylePlain target:self action:@selector(rightButtonItemClicked:)];
UIBarButtonItem *rightBtnItem2 = [[UIBarButtonItem alloc]initWithImage:img style:UIBarButtonItemStylePlain target:self action:@selector(rightButtonItemClicked:)];
self.navigationItem.rightBarButtonItems = @[rightNegativeSpacer,rightBtnItem1,rightBtnItem2];

image.png
会持续更新。。。

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