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Use vim as IDE

96
Cyfeng
2017.10.10 16:47* 字数 3448

安装依赖库(支持Python 3、Lua、Ruby)

sudo apt-get install libncurses5-dev libgnome2-dev libgnomeui-dev \libgtk2.0-dev libatk1.0-dev libbonoboui2-dev \libcairo2-dev libx11-dev libxpm-dev libxt-dev python-dev \python3-dev ruby-dev lua5.1 lua5.1-dev git


删除原有Vim

首先查询系统中有哪些与vim相关的软件,我的是vim、vim-common和vim-run,然后彻底删除他们:

dpkg -l | grep vim

sudo dpkg -P vim vim-common vim-run


下载vim源码安装

安装前先获取Python的配置路径,比如我的是/usr/lib/python2.7/config-x86_64-linux-gnu

git clone https://github.com/vim/vim.git

cd vim

./configure --with-features=huge  --enable-multibyte  --enable-rubyinterp  --enable-pythoninterp  --with-python-config-dir=/usr/lib/python2.7/config-x86_64-linux-gnu  --enable-perlinterp  --enable-luainterp  --enable-gui=gtk2 --enable-cscope --prefix=/usr

make

sudo make install


下载vundle

git clone https://github.com/VundleVim/Vundle.vim.git ~/.vim/bundle/Vundle.vim


安装pathogen

sudo apt-get install pathogen

sudo apt install curl

mkdir -p ~/.vim/autoload ~/.vim/bundle

curl -LSso ~/.vim/autoload/pathogen.vim https://tpo.pe/pathogen.vim


安装插件

打开vim,运行指令:PluginInstall

vim

:PluginInstall


修改~/.vimrc

将文末代码复制到vimrc

vi ~/.vimrc


参考来源:

https://github.com/yangyangwithgnu/use_vim_as_ide#3.4

http://www.jianshu.com/p/27816557adcb

https://github.com/strivexj/Vim/blob/master/vimrc


execute pathogen#infect()

" 定义快捷键的前缀,即

let mapleader=";"

" 开启文件类型侦测

filetype on

" 根据侦测到的不同类型加载对应的插件

filetype plugin on

"自动保存

set autowrite

" 在处理未保存或只读文件的时候,弹出确认

set confirm

" 定义快捷键到行首和行尾

"nmap LB 0

"nmap LE $

noremap H ^

noremap L $

" 设置快捷键将选中文本块复制至系统剪贴板

vnoremap y "+y

" 设置快捷键将系统剪贴板内容粘贴至 vim

nmap p "+p

"定义快捷键关闭当前分割窗口;

nmap q :q

" 定义快捷键保存当前窗口内容

nmap w :w

" 定义快捷键保存所有窗口内容并退出 vim

nmap WQ :wa:q

" 不做任何保存,直接退出 vim

nmap Q :qa!

" 依次遍历子窗口

nnoremap nw

" 跳转至右方的窗口

nnoremap lw l

" 跳转至左方的窗口

nnoremap hw h

" 跳转至上方的子窗口

nnoremap kw k

" 跳转至下方的子窗口

nnoremap jw j

" 定义快捷键在结对符之间跳转

nmap M %

" 映射全选+复制 ctrl+a

map  ggVGY

map!  ggVGY

map  gg=G

" 选中状态下 Ctrl+c 复制

vmap  "+y

"nmap  ^V$y

" 设置环境保存项

set sessionoptions="blank,buffers,globals,localoptions,tabpages,sesdir,folds,help,options,resize,winpos,winsize"

" 保存 undo 历史

set undodir=~/.undo_history/

set undofile

" 保存快捷键

map ss :mksession! my.vim :wviminfo! my.viminfo

" 恢复快捷键

map rs :source my.vim :rviminfo my.viminfo

set fileformat=unix    "设置以unix的格式保存文件"

set cindent        "设置C样式的缩进格式"

set tabstop=4    "设置table长度"

set shiftwidth=4        "同上"

set showmatch    "显示匹配的括号"

set scrolloff=5        "距离顶部和底部5行"

set fenc=utf-8      "文件编码"

set backspace=2

set matchtime=5

set ignorecase        "忽略大小写"

" 让配置变更立即生效

autocmd BufWritePost $MYVIMRC source $MYVIMRC

" 通过使用: commands命令,告诉我们文件的哪一行被改变过

set report=0

" 在被分割的窗口间显示空白,便于阅读

set fillchars=vert:\ ,stl:\ ,stlnc:\

"change word to uppercase, I love this very much

inoremap  gUiwea

"用jk退出编辑模式

inoremap jk

"直接输入空格进入命令模式

noremap  :

" 开启实时搜索功能

set incsearch

" 关闭兼容模式

set nocompatible

" vim 自身命令行模式智能补全

set wildmenu

" vundle 环境设置

filetype off

set rtp+=~/.vim/bundle/Vundle.vim

" vundle 管理的插件列表必须位于 vundle#begin() 和 vundle#end() 之间

call vundle#begin()

Plugin 'VundleVim/Vundle.vim'

Plugin 'altercation/vim-colors-solarized'

Plugin 'tomasr/molokai'

Plugin 'vim-scripts/phd'

Plugin 'Lokaltog/vim-powerline'

Plugin 'octol/vim-cpp-enhanced-highlight'

Plugin 'nathanaelkane/vim-indent-guides'

Plugin 'Yggdroot/indentLine'

Plugin 'vim-autopep8'

Plugin 'derekwyatt/vim-fswitch'

Plugin 'kshenoy/vim-signature'

Plugin 'vim-scripts/BOOKMARKS--Mark-and-Highlight-Full-Lines'

Plugin 'majutsushi/tagbar'

Plugin 'vim-scripts/indexer.tar.gz'

Plugin 'vim-scripts/DfrankUtil'

Plugin 'vim-scripts/vimprj'

Plugin 'dyng/ctrlsf.vim'

Plugin 'terryma/vim-multiple-cursors'

Plugin 'scrooloose/nerdcommenter'

Plugin 'vim-scripts/DrawIt'

Plugin 'SirVer/ultisnips'

Plugin 'Valloric/YouCompleteMe'

Plugin 'derekwyatt/vim-protodef'

Plugin 'scrooloose/nerdtree'

Plugin 'fholgado/minibufexpl.vim'

Plugin 'gcmt/wildfire.vim'

Plugin 'sjl/gundo.vim'

Plugin 'Lokaltog/vim-easymotion'

Plugin 'suan/vim-instant-markdown'

Plugin 'lilydjwg/fcitx.vim'

Plugin 'jiangmiao/auto-pairs'

Plugin 'vim-airline/vim-airline'

Plugin 'vim-airline/vim-airline-themes'

Plugin 'kien/rainbow_parentheses.vim'

Plugin 'vim-syntastic/syntastic'

Plugin 'jistr/vim-nerdtree-tabs' "vim-nerdtree-tabs 插件是为了解决nerdtree不能在tab之间共享的问题

Plugin 'sickill/vim-monokai'

Plugin 'kien/ctrlp.vim'

Plugin 'klen/python-mode'

Plugin 'PyCQA/pylint'

" 插件列表结束

call vundle#end()

set autoread    " 设置当文件在外部被修改,自动更新该文件

set autochdir  " 自动设置当前目录为正在编辑的目录

set showcmd " 状态栏显示当前执行的命令

"允许在vim中运行python

let g:pymode_run = 1

"运行python的快捷键为E

let g:pymode_run_key = ''

map  " disable python-mode RopeCodeAssistInsertMode Key binding

"Ctrl+O打开自动补全(使用Ctrl+N和Ctrl+P来向前、向后翻页)

inoremap  =RopeCodeAssistInsertMode()

let g:tagbar_width =25

"设置tagbar默认打开(大屏幕显示器可以打开)

"autocmd VimEnter * nested TagbarOpen

let g:tagbar_autofocus = 0

" ctrap

set wildignore+=*/tmp/*,*.so,*.swp,*.zip,*.png,*.jpg,*.jpeg,*.gif " MacOSX/Linux

let g:ctrlp_custom_ignore = '\v[\/]\.(git|hg|svn)$'

"

"ctrlp默认会使用grep进行搜索,效率低且慢。所以,我使用了ag去替换默认的搜索

"功能。ag是一款轻量级的搜索工具,速度非常快。为了集成ag,需要添加下列配置:

if executable('ag')

" Use Ag over Grep

set grepprg=ag\ --nogroup\ --nocolor

" Use ag in CtrlP for listing files.

let g:ctrlp_user_command = 'ag %s -l --nocolor -g ""'

" Ag is fast enough that CtrlP doesn't need to cache

let g:ctrlp_use_caching = 0

endif

" 显示/隐藏 MiniBufExplorer 窗口

map bl :MBEToggle

" buffer 切换快捷键

map  :MBEbn

map  :MBEbp

" 配色方案

set background=dark

"colorscheme solarized

"colorscheme phd

"colorscheme molokai

colorscheme monokai

" 禁止光标闪烁

set gcr=a:block-blinkon0

" 禁止显示滚动条

set guioptions-=l

set guioptions-=L

set guioptions-=r

set guioptions-=R

" 禁止显示菜单和工具条

set guioptions-=m

set guioptions-=T

" 将外部命令 wmctrl 控制窗口最大化的命令行参数封装成一个 vim 的函数

fun! ToggleFullscreen()

call system("wmctrl -ir " . v:windowid . " -b toggle,fullscreen")

endf

" 全屏开/关快捷键

map  :call ToggleFullscreen()

" 启动 vim 时自动全屏

autocmd VimEnter * call ToggleFullscreen()

" 当同时显示多个文件中的tag时,可使taglist只显示当前文件tag,其它文件的tag都被折叠起来

let Tlist_File_Fold_Auto_Close=1

" 如果taglist窗口是最后一个窗口,则退出vim

let Tlist_Exit_OnlyWindow=1

" 缺省情况下,双击一个tag时,才会跳到该tag定义的位置,设置单击tag就跳转

let  Tlist_Use_SingleClick=1

set mouse=a            " 开启鼠标

" 总是显示状态栏

set laststatus=2

" 显示光标当前位置

set ruler

" 开启行号显示

set number

" 高亮显示当前行/列

set cursorline

" set cursorcolumn

" 高亮显示搜索结果

set hlsearch

" 设置 gvim 显示字体

" set guifont=YaHei\ Consolas\ Hybrid\ 11.5

" 禁止折行

set nowrap

" 设置状态栏主题风格

" let g:Powerline_colorscheme='solarized256'

" 自适应不同语言的智能缩进

filetype indent on

" 将制表符扩展为空格

set expandtab

" 设置编辑时制表符占用空格数

set tabstop=4

" 设置格式化时制表符占用空格数

set shiftwidth=4

" 让 vim 把连续数量的空格视为一个制表符

set softtabstop=4

"缩进指示线"

let g:indentLine_char='┆'

let g:indentLine_enabled = 1

"autopep8设置"

let g:autopep8_disable_show_diff=1

" 基于缩进或语法进行代码折叠(za,打开或关闭当前折叠;zM,关闭所有折叠;zR,打开所有折叠)

"set foldmethod=indent

set foldmethod=syntax

" 启动 vim 时关闭折叠代码

set nofoldenable

" 开启语法高亮功能

syntax enable

" 允许用指定语法高亮配色方案替换默认方案

syntax on

filetype plugin indent on

" *.cpp 和 *.h 间切换(sw实现切换)

nmap  sw :FSHere

let g:UltiSnipsSnippetDirectories=["mysnippets"]

" UltiSnips 的 tab 键与 YCM 冲突,重新设定

let g:UltiSnipsExpandTrigger=""

let g:UltiSnipsJumpForwardTrigger=""

let g:UltiSnipsJumpBackwardTrigger=""

"显示书签"

let NERDTreeShowBookmarks=1

"设置忽略文件类型"

let NERDTreeIgnore=['\~$', '\.pyc$', '\.swp$']

"窗口大小"

let NERDTreeWinSize=25

"关闭各种按键叮叮声音和闪屏

set vb t_vb=

au GuiEnter * set t_vb=

set backspace=indent,eol,start

set novisualbell " 关闭使用可视响铃代替呼叫

set noerrorbells " 关闭错误信息响铃

set magic " 设置魔术

set smartindent " 开启新行时使用智能自动缩进

set cmdheight=1 " 设定命令行的行数为 1

"记住上次退出的位置

au BufReadPost * if line("'\"") > 0|if line("'\"") <= line("$")|exe("norm '\"")|else|exe "norm $"|endif|endif

let g:airline_powerline_fonts = 1

" 是否启用顶部tabline

let g:airline#extensions#tabline#enabled = 1

" 顶部tabline显示方式

let g:airline#extensions#tabline#left_sep = ' '

let g:airline#extensions#tabline#left_alt_sep = '|'

let g:airline_theme="deus"

let g:Powerline_colorscheme='deus'

"彩虹括号

let g:rbpt_colorpairs = [ ['brown', 'RoyalBlue3'], ['Darkblue', 'SeaGreen3'], ['darkgray', 'DarkOrchid3'], ['darkgreen', 'firebrick3'],['darkcyan', 'RoyalBlue3'],['darkred', 'SeaGreen3'],['darkmagenta', 'DarkOrchid3'],['brown', 'firebrick3'],['gray', 'RoyalBlue3'],['black',      'SeaGreen3'],['darkmagenta', 'DarkOrchid3'],['Darkblue',  'firebrick3'],['darkgreen', 'RoyalBlue3'],['darkcyan', 'SeaGreen3'],['darkred', 'DarkOrchid3'],['red', 'firebrick3']]

let g:rbpt_max = 16

au VimEnter * RainbowParenthesesToggle

au Syntax * RainbowParenthesesLoadRound

au Syntax * RainbowParenthesesLoadSquare

au Syntax * RainbowParenthesesLoadBraces

"设置注释快捷键

map  ci

" ******************NERDTree***************************************************************************

"  close vim if the only window left open is a NERDTree

autocmd bufenter * if (winnr("$") == 1 && exists("b:NERDTree") && b:NERDTree.isTabTree()) | q | endif

"let g:nerdtree_tabs_open_on_console_startup=1

" NERDTress File highlighting

"Set different colors for different file extensions

"NERDTress File highlighting

"Start

function! NERDTreeHighlightFile(extension, fg, bg, guifg, guibg)

exec 'autocmd filetype nerdtree highlight ' . a:extension .' ctermbg='. a:bg .' ctermfg='. a:fg .' guibg='. a:guibg .' guifg='. a:guifg

exec 'autocmd filetype nerdtree syn match ' . a:extension .' #^\s\+.*'. a:extension .'$#'

endfunction

call NERDTreeHighlightFile('jade', 'green', 'none', 'green', '#151515')

call NERDTreeHighlightFile('ini', 'yellow', 'none', 'yellow', '#151515')

call NERDTreeHighlightFile('md', 'blue', 'none', '#3366FF', '#151515')

call NERDTreeHighlightFile('yml', 'yellow', 'none', 'yellow', '#151515')

call NERDTreeHighlightFile('config', 'yellow', 'none', 'yellow', '#151515')

call NERDTreeHighlightFile('conf', 'yellow', 'none', 'yellow', '#151515')

call NERDTreeHighlightFile('json', 'yellow', 'none', 'yellow', '#151515')

call NERDTreeHighlightFile('html', 'yellow', 'none', 'yellow', '#151515')

call NERDTreeHighlightFile('styl', 'cyan', 'none', 'cyan', '#151515')

call NERDTreeHighlightFile('css', 'cyan', 'none', 'cyan', '#151515')

call NERDTreeHighlightFile('coffee', 'Red', 'none', 'red', '#151515')

call NERDTreeHighlightFile('js', 'Red', 'none', '#ffa500', '#151515')

call NERDTreeHighlightFile('php', 'Magenta', 'none', '#ff00ff', '#151515')

"End

"Open NERDTree when no file is specified

autocmd StdinReadPre * let s:std_in=1

autocmd VimEnter * if argc() == 0 && !exists("s:std_in") | NERDTree | endif

" 显示文件中的类、函数、变量的功能的TagbarToggle快捷键F10

map  :TagbarToggle

"F9开启和关闭树"

map  :NERDTreeToggle

let NERDTreeChDirMode=1

"*************************************NREDTree-end******************************************

" configure syntastic syntax checking to check on open as well as save

"是否在打开文件时检查

let g:syntastic_check_on_open=1

" 是否在保存文件后检查

"let g:syntastic_check_on_wq=1

let g:syntastic_html_tidy_ignore_errors=[" proprietary attribute \"ng-"]

let g:syntastic_always_populate_loc_list = 1

let g:syntastic_auto_loc_list = 1

set statusline+=%#warningmsg#

set statusline+=%{SyntasticStatuslineFlag()}

set statusline+=%*

" 设置错误符号

let g:syntastic_error_symbol='✗'

"设置警告符号

let g:syntastic_warning_symbol=''

let g:syntastic_python_checkers=['pylint','javac','php', 'phpcs', 'phpmd']

let g:syntastic_python_pylint_args='--disable=C0111,R0903,C0301'

let g:syntastic_aggregate_errors = 1

"自动跳转到发现的第一个错误或警告处

let g:syntastic_auto_jump = 1

"进行实时检查,如果觉得卡顿,将下面的选项置为1

let g:syntastic_check_on_wq = 1

"高亮错误

let g:syntastic_enable_highlighting=1

" YCM 补全菜单配色

" 菜单

highlight Pmenu ctermfg=10 ctermbg=8 guifg=#005f87 guibg=#EEE8D5

" 选中项

highlight PmenuSel ctermfg=4 ctermbg=6 guifg=#AFD700 guibg=#106900

" 补全功能在注释中同样有效

let g:ycm_complete_in_comments=1

" 允许 vim 加载 .ycm_extra_conf.py 文件,不再提示

let g:ycm_confirm_extra_conf=0

" 开启 YCM 标签补全引擎

let g:ycm_collect_identifiers_from_tags_files=1

" 引入 C++ 标准库tags

set tags+=/data/misc/software/misc./vim/stdcpp.tags

" YCM 集成 OmniCppComplete 补全引擎,设置其快捷键

inoremap ;

" 补全内容不以分割子窗口形式出现,只显示补全列表

set completeopt-=preview

" 从第一个键入字符就开始罗列匹配项

let g:ycm_min_num_of_chars_for_completion=1

" 禁止缓存匹配项,每次都重新生成匹配项

" let g:ycm_cache_omnifunc=0

" 语法关键字补全

let g:ycm_seed_identifiers_with_syntax=1

" 设置背景透明

" hi Normal guibg=NONE ctermbg=NONE

" When vimrc is edited, reload it

autocmd! bufwritepost vimrc source ~/.vimrc

" Turn backup off, since most stuff is in SVN, git anyway...

set nobackup

set nowb

set noswapfile

""""""""""""""""""""""

"Quickly Run

""""""""""""""""""""""

map  :call CompileRunGcc()

func! CompileRunGcc()

exec "w"

if &filetype == 'c'

exec "!g++ % -o %<"

exec "!time ./%<"

elseif &filetype == 'cpp'

exec "!g++ % -o %<"

exec "!time ./%<"

elseif &filetype == 'java'

exec "!javac %"

exec "!time java %<"

elseif &filetype == 'sh'

:!time bash %

elseif &filetype == 'python'

exec "!time python2.7 %"

elseif &filetype == 'html'

exec "!firefox % &"

elseif &filetype == 'go'

"        exec "!go build %<"

exec "!time go run %"

elseif &filetype == 'mkd'

exec "!~/.vim/markdown.pl % > %.html &"

exec "!firefox %.html &"

endif

endfunc

"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""

"""""新文件标题""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""

"新建.c,.h,.sh,.java文件,自动插入文件头

autocmd BufNewFile *.cpp,*.[ch],*.sh,*.java,*.py exec ":call SetTitle()"

""定义函数SetTitle,自动插入文件头

func! SetTitle()

"如果文件类型为.sh文件

if &filetype == 'sh'

call setline(1,"\#########################################################################")

call append(line("."), "\# File Name: ".expand("%"))

call append(line(".")+1, "\# Author: cwj")

call append(line(".")+2, "\# mail: 1003214597@qq.com")

call append(line(".")+3, "\# Created Time: ".strftime("%c"))

call append(line(".")+4, "\#########################################################################")

call append(line(".")+5, "\#!/bin/bash")

call append(line(".")+6, "")

endif

if &filetype == 'py'

call setline(1,"```")

call append(line(".")+1, "\# File Name: ".expand("%"))

call append(line(".")+2, "\# Author: cwj")

call append(line(".")+3, "\# mail: 1003214597@qq.com")

call append(line(".")+4, "\# Created Time: ".strftime("%c"))

call append(line(".")+5, "```")

else

call setline(1, "/*************************************************************************")

call append(line("."), "    File Name: ".expand("%"))

call append(line(".")+1, "    Author: cwj")

call append(line(".")+2, "    Mail: 1003214597@qq.com")

call append(line(".")+3, "    Created Time: ".strftime("%c"))

call append(line(".")+4, " ************************************************************************/")

call append(line(".")+5, "")

endif

if &filetype == 'cpp'

call append(line(".")+6, "#include")

call append(line(".")+7, "using namespace std;")

call append(line(".")+8, "")

call cursor(10,2)

elseif &filetype == 'c'

call append(line(".")+6, "#include")

call append(line(".")+7, "")

call cursor(9,2)

elseif &filetype == 'java'

call append(line(".")+6,"public class ".expand("%:t:r")." {")

call append(line(".")+7, "      public static void main(String[] args) {")

call append(line(".")+8, "")

call append(line(".")+9, "      }")

call append(line(".")+10, "}")

call cursor(10,2)

else

call cursor(8,2)

endif

"新建文件后,自动定位到文件末尾

" autocmd BufNewFile * normal G

endfunc

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