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Swift的HMAC和SHA1加密

96
BYQiu
2017.07.19 16:09* 字数 164

HMAC是密钥相关的哈希运算消息认证码(Hash-based Message Authentication Code)。 HMAC运算利用哈希算法,以一个密钥和一个消息为输入,生成一个消息摘要作为输出。也就是说HMAC通过将哈希算法(SHA1, MD5)与密钥进行计算生成摘要。

Objectice-C

在上个 Objectice-C 项目中,使用的 HMAC 和 SHA1 进行加密。如下代码:

+ (NSString *)hmacsha1:(NSString *)text key:(NSString *)secret {
    
    NSData *secretData = [secret dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
    NSData *clearTextData = [text dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
    unsigned char result[20];
    // SHA1加密
    CCHmac(kCCHmacAlgSHA1, [secretData bytes], [secretData length], [clearTextData bytes], [clearTextData length], result);
    char base64Result[32];
    size_t theResultLength = 32;
    // 转为Base64
    Base64EncodeData(result, 20, base64Result, &theResultLength,YES);
    NSData *theData = [NSData dataWithBytes:base64Result length:theResultLength];
    NSString *base64EncodedResult = [[NSString alloc] initWithData:theData encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
    return base64EncodedResult;
}

最近用 swift 重构项目,用 Swift 重写了 HMAC 的 SHA1 加密方式。

swift

使用

// 使用HMAC和SHA加密
let hmacResult:String = "myStringToHMAC".hmac(HMACAlgorithm.SHA1, key: "myKey")

代码

使用下面代码时,需要在 OC 桥接文件xxx-Bridging-Header#import <CommonCrypto/CommonHMAC.h>

extension String {
    func hmac(algorithm: HMACAlgorithm, key: String) -> String {
        let cKey = key.cStringUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)
        let cData = self.cStringUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)
        var result = [CUnsignedChar](count: Int(algorithm.digestLength()), repeatedValue: 0)
        CCHmac(algorithm.toCCHmacAlgorithm(), cKey!, strlen(cKey!), cData!, strlen(cData!), &result)
        var hmacData:NSData = NSData(bytes: result, length: (Int(algorithm.digestLength())))
        var hmacBase64 = hmacData.base64EncodedStringWithOptions(NSDataBase64EncodingOptions.Encoding76CharacterLineLength)
        return String(hmacBase64)
    }
}

enum HMACAlgorithm {
    case MD5, SHA1, SHA224, SHA256, SHA384, SHA512

    func toCCHmacAlgorithm() -> CCHmacAlgorithm {
        var result: Int = 0
        switch self {
        case .MD5:
            result = kCCHmacAlgMD5
        case .SHA1:
            result = kCCHmacAlgSHA1
        case .SHA224:
            result = kCCHmacAlgSHA224
        case .SHA256:
            result = kCCHmacAlgSHA256
        case .SHA384:
            result = kCCHmacAlgSHA384
        case .SHA512:
            result = kCCHmacAlgSHA512
        }
        return CCHmacAlgorithm(result)
    }

    func digestLength() -> Int {
        var result: CInt = 0
        switch self {
        case .MD5:
            result = CC_MD5_DIGEST_LENGTH
        case .SHA1:
            result = CC_SHA1_DIGEST_LENGTH
        case .SHA224:
            result = CC_SHA224_DIGEST_LENGTH
        case .SHA256:
            result = CC_SHA256_DIGEST_LENGTH
        case .SHA384:
            result = CC_SHA384_DIGEST_LENGTH
        case .SHA512:
            result = CC_SHA512_DIGEST_LENGTH
        }
        return Int(result)
    }
}


Swift
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