Centos7 安装 PHP7最新版

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作者 我来自塘湖
2016.03.24 15:25 字数 573

简单安装(通过yum)

  1. 安装epel-release
    rpm -ivh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/7/x86_64/e/epel-release-7-5.noarch.rpm
  2. 安装PHP7的rpm源
    rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/webtatic-release.rpm
  3. 安装PHP7
    yum install php70w

编译安装

  1. 下载php7
    wget -O php7.tar.gz http://cn2.php.net/get/php-7.0.4.tar.gz/from/this/mirror
  2. 解压php7
    tar -xvf php7.tar.gz
  3. 进入php目录
    cd php-7.0.4
  4. 安装依赖包
    # 直接复制下面一行(不包括本行)
    yum install libxml2 libxml2-devel openssl openssl-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel libcurl libcurl-devel libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel gmp gmp-devel libmcrypt libmcrypt-devel readline readline-devel libxslt libxslt-devel
  5. 编译配置(如果出现错误,基本都是上一步的依赖文件没有安装所致)
    嫌麻烦的可以从这一步起参考PHP官方安装说明:http://php.net/manual/zh/install.unix.nginx.php
    ./configure \
    --prefix=/usr/local/php \
    --with-config-file-path=/etc \
    --enable-fpm \
    --with-fpm-user=nginx \
    --with-fpm-group=nginx \
    --enable-inline-optimization \
    --disable-debug \
    --disable-rpath \
    --enable-shared \
    --enable-soap \
    --with-libxml-dir \
    --with-xmlrpc \
    --with-openssl \
    --with-mcrypt \
    --with-mhash \
    --with-pcre-regex \
    --with-sqlite3 \
    --with-zlib \
    --enable-bcmath \
    --with-iconv \
    --with-bz2 \
    --enable-calendar \
    --with-curl \
    --with-cdb \
    --enable-dom \
    --enable-exif \
    --enable-fileinfo \
    --enable-filter \
    --with-pcre-dir \
    --enable-ftp \
    --with-gd \
    --with-openssl-dir \
    --with-jpeg-dir \
    --with-png-dir \
    --with-zlib-dir \
    --with-freetype-dir \
    --enable-gd-native-ttf \
    --enable-gd-jis-conv \
    --with-gettext \
    --with-gmp \
    --with-mhash \
    --enable-json \
    --enable-mbstring \
    --enable-mbregex \
    --enable-mbregex-backtrack \
    --with-libmbfl \
    --with-onig \
    --enable-pdo \
    --with-mysqli=mysqlnd \
    --with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd \
    --with-zlib-dir \
    --with-pdo-sqlite \
    --with-readline \
    --enable-session \
    --enable-shmop \
    --enable-simplexml \
    --enable-sockets \
    --enable-sysvmsg \
    --enable-sysvsem \
    --enable-sysvshm \
    --enable-wddx \
    --with-libxml-dir \
    --with-xsl \
    --enable-zip \
    --enable-mysqlnd-compression-support \
    --with-pear \
    --enable-opcache
  6. 正式安装
    make && make install
  7. 配置环境变量
    vi /etc/profile
    在末尾追加
    PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/php/bin
    export PATH
    执行命令使得改动立即生效
    source /etc/profile
  8. 配置php-fpm
    cp php.ini-production /etc/php.ini
    cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
    cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
    cp sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm
    chmod +x /etc/init.d/php-fpm
  9. 启动php-fpm
    /etc/init.d/php-fpm start
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